• Mevlut Uyan Konya Technical University, Vocational School of Technical Sciences, Konya
  • Emra Sert Ministry of Environment and Urbanism, General Directorate of Geographic Information Systems, Ankara
  • Nurullah Osmanli Regional Directorates of Foundations, Konya
  • Kamil Gulmez Konya Metropolitan Municipality, Department of Urban Information System, Konya



winter tourism, site selection, Best Worst Method, multi criteria evaluation, Konya (Türkiye)


Tourism, one of the expeditiously growing and most important sectors, contributes to the national economy by increasing employment and foreign exchange income. As in many countries, the place of tourism in the country's economy is very important in Türkiye (formerly known as Turkey). As one of the sources that have contributed significantly to the country's economy for many years, it has played a locomotive role in its development. Türkiye is trying to increase its share of international tourism revenues with investments and incentives. Although it is a country that draws attention with its areas suitable for winter tourism, the development of winter tourism centers is very slow when some aspects are taken into account. Konya Province is one of the few religious and cultural tourism centers of Türkiye. The region has qualified winter tourism areas. Bringing these areas to tourism can be an important resource for both the provincial and national economy. This study proposes a Geographical Information System based Multi Criteria Evaluation (MCE) model using Best Worst Method (BWM) to identify the most suitable locations for winter tourism facilities in the Konya region of Türkiye. Among some suitable areas determined according to the results of the analysis, Aladağ Mountain in Derbent region has been seen as the most suitable place for winter tourism investments, as it has all the features such as snow quality, transportation, and snowy day duration that should exist in a winter tourism center.

Article metrics


Akar, A. U., Uyan, M., & Yalpir, S. (2023). Spatial evaluation of the nuclear power plant installation based on energy demand for sustainable energy policy. Environment, Development and Sustainability. Advance online publication.

Ay, S., Karakurt Tosun, E., & Yildiri Keser, H. (2016). Uludağ winter tourism and its importance in the economic development. Annals of the „Constantin Brâncuşi” University of Târgu Jiu, Economy Series, 4, 31–39.,%20Tosun.pdf

Bahrami, Y., Hassani, H., & Maghsoudi, A. (2019). BWM-ARAS: A new hybrid MCDM method for Cu prospectivity mapping in the Abhar area, NW Iran. Spatial Statistics, 33, Article 100382.

Bejari, H., Daya, A. A., & Roudini, A. (2017). Selection of chromite processing plant site using fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP). Journal of Mining and Environment, 8(2), 155–162.

Bulgan, G., Işik Maden, S., & Yildirim, S. (2019). The Effect of Tourism Sector on Economic Growth: An Empirical Study on Turkey. Journal of Yaşar Üniversitesi, 14(55), 215–225.

Charfeddine, L., & Dawd, I. (2022). Analysis of the resilience of the Turkey tourism industry to exogenous shocks: new evidence from a NARDL model. Tourism Recreation Research, 1–16.

Chou, T.-Y., Hsu, C.-L., & Chen, M.-C. (2008). A fuzzy multi-criteria decision model for international tourist hotels location selection. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 27(2), 293–301.

Ertunç, E., & Uyan, M. (2022). Land valuation with Best Worst Method in land consolidation projects. Land Use Policy, 122, Article 106360.

Esri. (2017). Understanding overlay analysis.

Esri. (2022). ArcGIS (10.5) [Computer software].

Eşitti, B. (2018). Sürdürülebilir Kış Sporları Turizmi: Sarıkamış’ın Potansiyelinin SWOT Analizi Ile Değerlendirilmesi [Sustainable Winter Sports Tourism: Evaluation of Sarıkamış's Potential with SWOT Analysis]. Turizm Akademik Dergisi/Tourism Academic Journal, 5(1), 205–220.

Garda, B. (2022). Enabling Accessible Tourism: The Case of Konya. Journal of Gastronomy, Hospitality and Travel, 5(3), 1021–1034.

Garsous, G., Corderi, D., Velasco, M., & Colombo, A. (2017). Tax Incentives and Job Creation in the Tourism Sector of Brazil’s SUDENE Area. World Development, 96, 87–101.

Gigović, L., Pamučar, D., Božanić, D., & Ljubojević, S. (2017). Application of the GIS-DANP-MABAC multi-criteria model for selecting the location of wind farms: A case study of Vojvodina, Serbia. Renewable Energy, 103, 501–521.

Gigović, L., Pamučar, D., Lukić, D., & Marković, S. (2016). GIS-Fuzzy DEMATEL MCDA model for the evaluation of the sites for ecotourism development: A case study of “Dunavski ključ” region, Serbia. Land Use Policy, 58, 348–365.

Invest in Konya. (2017). Culture and Tourism.

Kazan, H., Hobikoğlu, E. H., Karademir, H., Dalyanci, L., & Turguter, Y. (2015). Economic Development of Ski Industry in Experimental Innovation: Example of Palandöken Turkey and Alps Switzerland. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 195, 487–492.

Kheybari, S., Javdanmehr, M., Rezaie, F. M., & Rezaei, J. (2021). Corn cultivation location selection for bioethanol production: An application of BWM and extended PROMETHEE II. Energy, 228, Article 120593.

Nouri, J., Arjmandi, R., Riazi, B., Aleshekh, A. A., & Motahari, S. (2016). Comparing multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) tool and Huff model to determine the most appropriate method for selecting mountain tourism sites. Environmental Engineering & Management Journal, 15(1), 41–52.

Oğan, O., & Emekli, G. (2022). COVID-19 İle Değişen Müze Deneyimlerinin Turizm Coğrafyası Yaklaşımıyla Değerlendirilmesi: Dünya'dan ve Türkiye'den Örnekler [Evaluation of Museum Experiences, Changed by the COVID-19 Global Epidemic, with the Approach of Tourism Geography: Examples from the World and Turkey]. Ege Coğrafya Dergisi, 31(2), 337–353.

Rezaei, J. (2015). Best-worst multi-criteria decision-making method. Omega, 53, 49–57.

Rezaei, J. (2016). Best-worst multi-criteria decision-making method: Some properties and a linear model. Omega, 64, 126–130.

Rezaei, J., Wang, J., & Tavasszy, L. (2015). Linking supplier development to supplier segmentation using Best Worst Method. Expert Systems with Applications, 42(23), 9152–9164.

Sai Krishna, V. V., Pandey, K., & Karnatak, H. (2017). Geospatial multicriteria approach for solid waste disposal site selection in Dehradun city, India. Current Science, 112(3), 549–559.

Sakcalı, D. M., & Büyükipekçi, S. (2022). Kış Turizminde Palandöken Kayak Merkezi ve Davraz Kayak Merkezi Kıyaslaması [Palandöken ski center and Davraz ski center comparison in winter tourism]. Selçuk Üniversitesi Akşehir Meslek Yüksekokulu Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 13, 1–16.

Shahzad, S. J. H., Shahbaz, M., Ferrer, R., & Kumar, R. R. (2017). Tourism-led growth hypothesis in the top ten tourist destinations: New evidence using the quantile-on-quantile approach. Tourism Management, 60, 223–232.

Şeker, A. (2022). The nexus between tourism and international service trade in the coronavirus pandemic: Evidence from Turkey. Journal of Multidisciplinary Academic Tourism, 7(1), 55–65.

Turkish Statistical Institute. (2023). Adrese Dayalı Nüfus Kayıt Sistemi Sonuçları, 2022 [Address Based Population Registration System Results, 2022].

United Nations World Tourism Organization. (2019). Global Report on Women in Tourism (2nd ed.). World Tourism Organization.

United States Geological Survey. (2022). Shuttle Radar Topography Mission [Data set].

Uyan, M. (2013). GIS-based solar farms site selection using analytic hierarchy process (AHP) in Karapinar region, Konya/Turkey. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 28, 11–17.

Uyan, M. (2014). MSW landfill site selection by combining AHP with GIS for Konya, Turkey. Environmental Earth Sciences, 71(4), 1629–1639.

Uyan, M. (2019). Comparison of different interpolation techniques in determining of agricultural soil index on land consolidation projects. International Journal of Engineering and Geosciences, 4(1), 28–35.

Uyan, M., & Yalpır, Ş. (2016). Çok Kriterli Karar Verme Modeli ve CBS Entegrasyonu ile Tıbbi Atık Sterilizasyon Tesislerinin Yer Seçimi [Site Selection for Medical Waste Sterilization Plants by Integration of Multi Criteria Decision Making Model with GIS]. Afyon Kocatepe University Journal of Science and Engineering, 16(3), 642–654.

Vasileiou, M., Loukogeorgaki, E., & Vagiona, D. G. (2017). GIS-based multi-criteria decision analysis for site selection of hybrid offshore wind and wave energy systems in Greece. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 73, 745–757.

WorldClim. (2021). Global climate and weather data [Data set].

Yang, C.-C., Shen, C.-C., Mao, T.-Y., Lo, H.-W., & Pai, C.-J. (2022). A Hybrid Model for Assessing the Performance of Medical Tourism: Integration of Bayesian BWM and Grey PROMETHEE-AL. Journal of Function Spaces, 2022, 1–15.




How to Cite

Uyan, M., Sert, E., Osmanli, N., & Gulmez, K. (2023). DETERMINATION OF WINTER TOURISM POTENTIAL AREAS IN TÜRKİYE USING A GIS-BASED MULTI-CRITERIA ANALYSIS. Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA, 73(1), 79–92.