Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA https://ojs.gi.sanu.ac.rs/index.php/zbornik <p align="justify"><strong>Journal of the Geographical Institute "Jovan Cvijić" SASA </strong>is an interdisciplinary scientific journal devoted to the publication of scientific manuscripts related to physical geography and human geography. The Journal was founded in 1951 by the <a href="http://www.gi.sanu.ac.rs/index.php/en/">Geographical Institute of the Serbian Academy of Sciences</a> in Belgrade. All articles are published under Open Access, which means that all content is available and can be downloaded free of charge from the website of the Journal and used for educational and non-commercial purposes. More information you may find at the <a href="http://www.doiserbia.nb.rs/journal.aspx?issn=0350-7599">DoiSerbia Repository.</a> Submission of the articles doesn't involve article processing charges (APCs), submission charges, or any other charges. Journal's alternative titles and abbreviations are:<em> Зборник радова Географског института "Јован Цвијић" САНУ / Zbornik radova: Geografski institut "Jovan Cvijić" SANU / J. Geogr. Inst. Jovan Cvijić SASA.</em></p> <h4><img src="https://ojs.gi.sanu.ac.rs/public/site/images/JGIJCSASA/cover-72-1-894f6ea848f4186b8bae0643b1a1bcad.jpg" alt="" width="1000" height="1411" /></h4> <p align="justify">The Journal is subsequently published in <strong>print and online in the English language</strong>. Manuscripts in English should be delivered through the Journal's system or email in electronic form (MS Word in doc. format). Authors should use a Form for writing articles (template file), which can be found in <a href="https://ojs.gi.sanu.ac.rs/index.php/zbornik/Authors_Guidelines">Authors Guidelines</a>, to prepare their manuscripts.</p> <p align="justify">Papers will be considered only <strong>if have not been published elsewhere before</strong>, are not under consideration for publication elsewhere, and their publication has been tacitly or explicitly approved by all co-authors (if any) and by the responsible authorities at the institution where the work was carried out. After publication in the Journal, the authors also warrant that the manuscript will not be published elsewhere in any language without the consent of the copyright holder.</p> <p align="justify">The Journal welcomes <strong>scientific articles</strong> (original scientific articles, reviews, communications, letters, research notes, and book reviews) <strong>related to physical geography or human geography</strong> (see <a href="https://ojs.gi.sanu.ac.rs/index.php/zbornik/Focus_and_Scope">Focus and Scope</a>). After initial editorial checking, the submitted manuscripts are forwarded to two or three referees for a double-blind review. The usual period of reviewing the papers takes three to four months, depending on the number of submitted materials. All of the reviewers of a paper act independently and they are not aware of each other’s identities. If the decisions of the two reviewers are not the same (accept/reject), the Editors-in-<span class="VIiyi" lang="en"><span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="sr" data-phrase-index="0">Chief</span></span> may assign additional reviewers.</p> <p align="justify">The Journal welcomes the <strong>manuscripts from authors whose articles can enrich the overall view of the geography and related scientific disciplines</strong>. It is understood that all the authors, having submitted their papers to the Journal, agree to the publishing politics and ethics. The <span class="VIiyi" lang="en"><span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="sr" data-phrase-index="0">Editors-in-Chief</span></span> are responsible for deciding which articles will be published, and t<span class="VIiyi" lang="en"><span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="sr" data-phrase-index="0">hey are required to notify members of the Editorial Board (selected Associate Editors) of their decision.</span></span> The <span class="VIiyi" lang="en"><span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="sr" data-phrase-index="0">Editors-in-Chief</span></span> are guided by the policy of the Journal and constrained by legal requirements in force regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. More information about the responsibilities of editors, authors, reviewers, and the publisher you may find in <a href="https://ojs.gi.sanu.ac.rs/index.php/zbornik/Publishing_ethics">Publishing ethics</a>.</p> Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA en-US Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA 0350-7599 GEOMORPHOMETRIC ASSESSMENT OF THE RIVER DRAINAGE NETWORK AT AL-SHAKAK BASIN (IRAQ) https://ojs.gi.sanu.ac.rs/index.php/zbornik/article/view/423 <div><span class="05KeywordsJGIJCChar">This paper studies geomorphometric characteristics of the Al-Shakak drainage basin, which is one of the valleys of the eastern Al-Jazirah region in the eastern parts of the Misan Governorate in southern Iraq. The natural factors, which are represented by surface, geological structure, and climate, have a direct impact on forming these characteristics, such as the stream orders, stream length, mean stream length, bifurcation ratio, stream frequency, drainage density, and channel maintenance. The values of these parameters vary at the level of the main basin and the secondary basins. The total stream orders of the Al-Shakak main basin reached five orders, and their values varied at the level of the secondary basins. As for the lengths of the streams of the main Al-Shakak basin, they reached 175.607 km, most of which were in the large basins. Regarding the average length of the streams, it is measured 0.805 km at the level of the main basin, 0.766 km at the level of the first order, and 0.445 km at the level of the fourth order. The values of the river bifurcation of Al-Shakak basin 1 amount to 3.476, which is the highest value. As for Al-Shakak basin 3, it reached 1.3, which is the lowest value. In addition, the value of the stream frequency of the Al-Shakak basin amounts to 2.253 km/km<sup>2</sup>, and the drainage density reached 1.786 km/km<sup>2</sup>, with the channel maintenance being 0.561 km<sup>2</sup>/km.</span></div> Bashar F. Maaroof Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-04-20 2022-04-20 72 1 1–13 1–13 10.2298/IJGI2201001M WOMEN RAINWATER HARVESTERS IN EDUCATION FOR RAINWATER UTILIZATION https://ojs.gi.sanu.ac.rs/index.php/zbornik/article/view/389 <p>This research aims to describe the role of women in education on and utilization of rainwater to increase awareness and insight into water conservation in both the family and community environment. Women are faced with gender differences in the inclusion into the society. Nine respondents participated in this research which consisted of three female community members, three women residents, and three men residents around the Banyu Bening community, Sleman Regency, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The triangulation of data sources included the community leader, community members, and one of the participating families. The data analysis model used was from Miles and Huberman. The results showed that women played a very important role in the utilization and teaching on rainwater utilization. Women are the main pillars in the success of education and environmental management, especially at the family level. They are the most capable of providing teaching and developing environmental attitudes in their children and the community, and they are also the agents of change and teaching on sustainable environment.</p> Garin Darpitamurti Hastuti Nurul Khotimah Himawan Putranta Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-04-20 2022-04-20 72 1 15–31 15–31 10.2298/IJGI2201015D IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CARPATHIAN CONVENTION IN SERBIA—THE ANALYSIS OF SUSTAINABILITY ASPECTS https://ojs.gi.sanu.ac.rs/index.php/zbornik/article/view/404 <div><span lang="EN-GB">One of the biggest and most important mountain ranges in Europe, the Carpathians, is being threatened by different human activities. The </span>Framework Convention on the Protection and Sustainable Development of the Carpathians <span lang="EN-GB">(the Carpathian Convention) represents one of the international efforts to protect the biodiversity of this area through multilateral cooperation. Serbia is one of the signatory parties, where the area protected by the Convention currently coincides with the Đerdap National Park (ĐNP) boundaries. Serbia mainly lags in protocol and amendment ratifications, which is suspected to hinder the potential benefits regarding the sustainable development of this region. By analyzing the selected sustainability indicators for the years 2003, 2011, and 2019 we tried to enlighten if developments were sustainable. The data were also presented by the spider evaluation method. Despite certain limitations in data availability, research showed that there are positive economic and environmental changes, despite depopulation and aging of local inhabitants. However, major efforts are still to be undertaken, especially regarding environmental sustainability and implementation of national and international regulation.</span></div> Marijana Pantić Tamara Maričić Saša Milijić Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-04-20 2022-04-20 72 1 33–49 33–49 10.2298/IJGI2201033P NIGHTTIME LIGHTS—INNOVATIVE APPROACH FOR IDENTIFICATION OF TEMPORAL AND SPATIAL CHANGES IN POPULATION DISTRIBUTION https://ojs.gi.sanu.ac.rs/index.php/zbornik/article/view/403 <div> <p class="04AbstractJGIJC">Nighttime lights represent the result of satellite observation of the artificial lighting of human activities on the Earth from space during the night, which provides the excellent opportunity to determine their position, pattern, density, and spatial distribution. Such data have a high detail spatial and temporal resolution, which opens a wide range of possibilities for quantitative and qualitative analysis. In this paper, nighttime lights are used as a highly accurate dataset for indirect tracking of changes in temporal and spatial patterns of population distribution and activity in Serbia. Two indicators were applied—Lighted area and Sum of lights. They are calculated for local government units in Serbia, for 2015 and period 2015–2019. The results of the conducted analysis follow the conclusions of the existing knowledge on population distribution based on the official statistical data. Areas with a high share of lighted areas are dominantly urban and the most populated, while traditionally depopulated areas are with a low share of lighted areas. Sum of lights highlighted the distinction between developed and populated north and depressive and depopulated south of Serbia. General conclusion is that “dark has fallen in Serbia”, not only in peripheral and rural parts of the country, but in the smaller urban centers as well, and it is steadily spreading toward bigger urban areas. With nighttime lights application, this kind of process in terms of spatial disparities, its scope and dynamics can be easily identified, analyzed, and monitored.</p> </div> Milena Panić Marija Drobnjaković Gorica Stanojević Vlasta Kokotović Kanazir Dejan Doljak Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-04-20 2022-04-20 72 1 51–66 51–66 10.2298/IJGI2201051P REGIONAL SPECIALIZATION IN SERBIA DURING THE PERIOD 2001–2015 https://ojs.gi.sanu.ac.rs/index.php/zbornik/article/view/421 <p>In this paper, the specialization of regional economic structures—regional specialization in Serbia is analyzed by areas NUTS 3 level (oblasti) in the period 2001–2015 by using the Herfindahl index (indicator of absolute specialization) and Krugman specialization index (indicator of relative specialization). Cross-region analysis shows that the sectoral structure of activities by areas have converged (a decline in the degree of regional absolute specialization), and at the same time they became dissimilar in relation to the sectoral structure on the national level (an increase in the degree of regional relative specialization). As well as in other post-socialist countries in Central and Eastern Europe a change of employment structure by economic activities was initiated by intensive deindustrialization and, consequently, tertiarization, relocation of employment to service activities. A comparative analysis of research results of regional specialization in Serbia with research in several new EU member states, has shown similarities, particularly in regard to the decrease of regional absolute specialization and representation of different sectoral structures in the region of capital relative to other regions in the national context. As well as in CEE, the transition process in Serbia has additionally emphasized the polarized and spatially different pattern of regional development.</p> Radmila Miletić Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-04-20 2022-04-20 72 1 67–83 67–83 10.2298/IJGI2201067M EVALUATION OF THE EFFICIENCY AND QUALITY OF THE TRAM ROUTE OF SETIF CITY, ALGERIA: COMBINING AHP AND GIS APPROACHES https://ojs.gi.sanu.ac.rs/index.php/zbornik/article/view/429 <div> <p class="04AbstractJGIJC"><a name="_Hlk97928316"></a>The study aims to evaluate the efficiency of the tram track in the urban transport system of the Algerian city of Setif by combining Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Geographic Information System (GIS) approach. In this research, a set of multiple pre-determined criteria applicable in the field of urban transport were selected for decision-making. They were collected from recent research literature and expert opinions in this discipline, and then were arranged and evaluated in the AHP to extract the main weights for each criterion. In the end, they were processed spatially by using GIS. The study showed that the selection of the tramway track in the city of Setif was not successful in terms of the chosen location, and its selection was not studied according to the efficiency and quality criteria applicable in the field of urban transport. In addition, the study concluded that there is a significant shortfall in the first tram track, especially the one linking the tram route to the northern and southern parts of the city, which affected the efficiency and quality of the tram route. As the results have shown, the percentage of good spaces near the tram route does not exceed 0.34%. It is followed by the percentage of the average and acceptable areas (13.48%) and then the percentage of the marginalized areas and the areas far from the tram track (86.18% of the total area of the city). The study also demonstrated the importance of using AHP and GIS in evaluating a completed tram track according to a comprehensive and widely studied scientific methodology.</p> </div> Ibrahim Djouani Salim Dehimi Ali Redjem Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-04-20 2022-04-20 72 1 85–102 85–102 10.2298/IJGI2201085D YEARS OF POTENTIAL LIFE LOST AMONG THE POPULATION: IS YPLL ANALYSIS A HELPFUL TOOL? https://ojs.gi.sanu.ac.rs/index.php/zbornik/article/view/456 <div> <p class="04AbstractJGIJC">Mortality is one of the key determinants of the demographic development of the Republic of Srpska (RS). In the last 20 years, there has been an increase in the mortality rate, especially in the older population. Years of potential life lost (YPLL) were used in this study as a measure of the premature mortality of the population of the RS. The reference age limit is set at 70 years of age, therefore, premature mortality refers to all deaths in the age range from 0 to 69 years. The time frame includes a period of 20 years (1998–2018). The subject of the research is the YPLL analysis of the population of the RS, with a special emphasis on the causes of death. The study aims to determine the differences in YPLL according to gender and cause of death, as well as to indicate the factors influencing differential premature mortality. The results of the research indicate a decrease in YPLL by about 40%. Higher YPLL rates were registered in males. Differentiation according to the cause of death showed low values of YPLL in non-communicable diseases, while high rates were recorded in violent deaths. The decrease in the YPLL rate is a consequence of the reduction of infant mortality and violent deaths, while high values in males are a consequence of the influence of risk factors. Reducing these factors can have a significant impact on reducing YPLL rates among the population of the RS.</p> </div> Aleksandar Majić Draško Marinković Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-04-20 2022-04-20 72 1 103–110 103–110 10.2298/IJGI2201103M THE NEXUS BETWEEN TOURISM AND REGIONAL REAL GROWTH: DYNAMIC PANEL THRESHOLD TESTING https://ojs.gi.sanu.ac.rs/index.php/zbornik/article/view/449 <div> <p class="04AbstractJGIJC">This study analyzes the nexus between tourism and regional real growth for European regions at the Nomenclature of territorial units for statistics (NUTS), level 2, for the period 1995–2019. The study uses the dynamic panel threshold model to analyze complex relations between variables. As the dependent variable, we chose real growth rate of regional gross value added at basic prices by NUTS 2 regions. The independent variable is regional arrivals at tourist accommodation, while the control variables are health, household income, and employment at NUTS 2 regional level. The study found the threshold variable for 95% confidence interval. The marginal effects in the low inflation regime are higher compared to marginal effects in the high inflation regime. The study results support tourism-led growth hypothesis, indicating tourism as a one of the main drivers of regional growth. This research contributes to rare literature in application of dynamic panel threshold model in tourism. As an implication, this study can be used as a methodological approach to analyze the impact of different variables (not only tourism, but also innovations, technology, well-being, etc.) on regional growth, especially in countries with high regional differences, such as the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), Latin America, etc.</p> </div> Darko B. Vuković Alexander M. Zobov Ekaterina A. Degtereva Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-04-20 2022-04-20 72 1 111–116 111–116 10.2298/IJGI2201111V