Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA <p align="justify"><strong>Journal of the Geographical Institute "Jovan Cvijić" SASA </strong>is an interdisciplinary scientific journal devoted to the publication of scientific manuscripts related to physical geography and human geography. The Journal was founded in 1951 by the <a href="">Geographical Institute of the Serbian Academy of Sciences</a> in Belgrade. All articles are published under Open Access, which means that all content is available and can be downloaded free of charge from the website of the Journal and used for educational and non-commercial purposes. More information you may find at the <a href="">DoiSerbia Repository.</a> Submission of the articles doesn't involve article processing charges (APCs) neither submission charges. Journal's alternative titles and abbreviations are:<em> Зборник радова Географског института "Јован Цвијић" САНУ / Zbornik radova: Geografski institut "Jovan Cvijić" SANU / J. Geogr. Inst. Jovan Cvijić SASA.</em> </p> <p align="justify"> <img src="" alt=" View Vol. 70 No. 2 (2020): Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA " /></p> <p align="justify">The Journal is subsequently published in <strong>print and online in the English language</strong>. Manuscripts in English should be delivered to the Editorial Board in electronic form (MS Word in doc. format). Authors should use a Form for writing articles (template file), which can be found on <a href="">Authors Guidelines</a>, to prepare their manuscripts.</p> <p align="justify">Papers will be considered only <strong>if have not been published elsewhere before</strong>, not under consideration for publication elsewhere, and that its publication has been tacitly or explicitly approved by all co-authors (if any) and by the responsible authorities at the institution where the work was carried out. After publication in the Journal, the authors also warrant that the manuscript will not be published elsewhere in any language without the consent of the copyright holder.</p> <p align="justify">The Journal welcomes <strong>scientific articles</strong> (original scientific articles, reviews, communications, letters, research notes and book reviews) <strong>related to physical geography or human geography</strong> (see <a href="">Focus and Scope</a>). After editors’ acceptance, the submitted manuscripts are forwarded to two or three referees for a blind review. The usual period of reviewing the papers takes three to four months, depending on the number of submitted materials. All of the reviewers of a paper act independently and they are not aware of each other’s identities. If the decisions of the two reviewers are not the same (accept/reject), the Editor may assign additional reviewers.</p> <p align="justify">The Journal welcomes the <strong>manuscripts from authors whose articles can enrich the overall view of the geography and related scientific disciplines</strong>. It is understood that all the authors, having submitted their papers to the Editorial Board, agree to the publishing politics and ethics. The editors are responsible for deciding which articles will be published. The editors are guided by the policies of the Journal's Editorial Board and constrained by legal requirements in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. More information about the responsibilities of editors, authors, reviewers and publisher you may find in <a href="">Publishing ethics</a>.</p> Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA en-US Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA 0350-7599 THE GEOGRAPHY OF SERBIA The manuscript represents a review of the monograph publication entitled The Geography of Serbia, published by the Geographical Institute ''Jovan Cvijić'' SASA in Belgrade. The aim of the review is to present this significant book to the scientific community, which gathered fifty-six, mainly young researchers who courageously accepted to write the study of special national importance, and include a vast geographical material from physical geography, human geography and related disciplines into a unique whole. Milovan R. Pecelj Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 70 2 181–188 181–188 10.2298/IJGI2002181P SEASONAL DISTRIBUTION OF URBAN HEAT ISLAND INTENSITY IN BELGRADE (SERBIA) <p class="04AbstractJGIJC">The aim of this study is to quantify the intensity of the urban heat island in Belgrade through the seasons. Air temperature observations from 23 meteorological stations in Serbia in the period 1949–2008 were analyzed. Using cluster analysis, we identify the group of stations which the data from the meteorological station Belgrade are the most similar to. It has been shown that, through all the seasons, air temperatures in Belgrade are significantly higher than the average in the wider surroundings. The greatest difference is in winter (1.4 °C), and the smallest is in summer, when it is 0.9 °C. It is greater in fall (1.2 °C) than during spring months, when it is 1.0 °C. Although the contribution of air temperatures in Belgrade to the increase of the average value of air temperature in its cluster is statistically significant, it is without any practical significance.</p> Boško Milovanović Milan Radovanović Christoph Schneider Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 70 2 163–170 163–170 10.2298/IJGI2002163M THE IMPACT OF MIGRATION PROCESSES ON THE ECONOMY OF UKRAINE: TRENDS, REASONS, CONSEQUENCES <p class="04AbstractJGIJC">Migration is one of the main factors of globalization and it is not likely that it can be stopped as it is objective and, in most cases, is linked to the ability of the workforce to respond quickly to the changes in the society and the economy. The paper is devoted to the research of the impact of migration on the economic and social development of Ukraine's population. The methods used in the preparation of the paper are: analytical, descriptive, comparative, statistical, graphic, and critical. The paper was written on the basis of the official domestic and international data and also on the results of sociological research in which the main intentions and motives of potential migrants are investigated. On the base of the conducted research, we can conclude that, at the current stage, migration growth in Ukraine is related to structural changes in the economy and the labor market, economic growth slowdown, low wages, and quality of life compared to the nearest neighbor countries, visa liberalization with EU countries, and access to education abroad. One of the aims of the paper was to calculate the hypothetical losses of GDP from human capital migration.</p> Olha Podra Halyna Levkiv Ganna Koval Nataliia Petryshyn Ulyana Bobko Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 70 2 171–179 171–179 10.2298/IJGI2002171P INTER-ETHNIC MARRIAGES AMONG ANTAGONISTIC NATIONS: POSITIVE MEDIA DISCOURSE ABOUT ALBANIAN WOMEN AND SERBIAN MEN <p class="04AbstractJGIJC">This is a study about inter-ethnic marriages between the members of two antagonistic nations in the Western Balkans: Serbian and Albanian. The first part of the paper describes the geographical and socio-cultural framework of the research, along with presenting key historical factors that have contributed to the long-lasting antagonism between the above-mentioned ethnic groups. The second part of the paper is an analysis of media coverage of inter-ethnic marriages between Serbian men and Albanian women. By depicting the socio-cultural context in which these "ordinary" people have founded their marriages, some gender-related issues were opened and the binding of various historical, cultural, and demographic factors that are reflected in the lives of the “invisible” Albanian women in Serbia was shown. Their “invisibility” and marginalization have been deepened by the absence of their administrative status in Serbia, the absence of the right to healthcare, social protection, and the complete economic dependence on a man/husband. As a result of this, the marginalization, invisibility, and submission of these women to the will of their husbands is another example of the reproduction of strong patriarchy in the Western Balkans in the 21st century.</p> Nataša Simeunović Bajić Aleksandra Terzić Ivana Milovanović Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 70 2 145–161 145–161 10.2298/IJGI2002145S HYDROLOGICAL DROUGHT ASSESSMENT OF THE TISZA RIVER <p class="04AbstractJGIJC">Drought is a natural phenomenon that occurs when the availability of water is significantly below the normal levels during a shorter or longer period of time and cannot meet the necessary demand. This study focused on hydrological drought assessment of the Tisza River on four gauging stations: Vásárosnamény, Szolnok, Szeged, and Senta for the period 1964–2018. An effective Streamflow Drought Index (<em>SDI</em>) has been recently proposed and widely used for determining hydrological droughts. Both long- and short-term droughts have very severe impacts on the investigated locations. Two drought periods can be singled out: the first period was from 1983 to 1993, with the exceptions in 1985 and 1987. This period is characterized by higher absolute <em>SDI</em> values on Vásárosnamény (–0.84) and Szolnok (–0.87) than on Szeged (–0.29) and Senta (–0.40) stations. The second period was more severe and lasted from 2011 to 2015, with an average <em>SDI</em> value of –1.32 on Vásárosnamény, –1.08 on Szolnok, –0.53 on Szeged, and –0.57 on Senta station. The Mann-Kendall test results indicate that there is no trend indicating transition from humid towards more arid condition over the investigated period.</p> Igor Leščešen Dragan Dolinaj Milana Pantelić Tamás Telbisz György Varga Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 70 2 89–100 89–100 10.2298/IJGI2002089L LICHENS AS INDICATORS OF AIR QUALITY IN BALNEOLOGICAL CENTER PROLOM BANJA (SOUTHERN SERBIA) <p class="04AbstractJGIJC">This paper deals with using lichens as a bioindicators of the air quality and it was conducted on the territory of balneological center Prolom Banja (Southern Serbia). The exploration was conducted in the year 2019. The analysis of the sample from 15 investigated points indicates the presence of 72 lichen taxa, which shows that this area is rich in lichen species. For each investigated point, the index values of atmospheric purity (<em>IAP</em>) and index of human impact (<em>IHI</em>) were calculated. The <em>IAP</em> values varied in range from 40 to 56, while <em>IHI</em> values ranged between 8 and 24. Therefore, the map showing the air quality of the investigated area was made. There is a presence of “normal lichen zone” on the map which indicates that the air quality in this area is quite good. There are no significant air pollution sources in this area, so the level of pollution is considered low or very low. In the investigated area there are not stations for the monitoring of physico-chemical parameters of air quality. The investigation of air quality on the territory of Prolom Banja has not been done until now.</p><p> </p> Tatjana Djekić Svetlana Ristić Slaviša Stamenković Robert Šajn Milica Engelman Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 70 2 101–113 101–113 10.2298/IJGI2002101D METHODS FOR CALCULATION THE SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF THE TERRITORY MEMBERSHIP TO THE URBANIZED BASED ON THE HYBRID NEURAL NETWORK <p class="04AbstractJGIJC">This paper presents the method for calculation of the spatial distribution of the territory membership to the urbanized (TMU)—the value that puts the degree of suitability for development (tourism development) in accordance with each node of the grid of the study area within (0, 1). The method is based on a hybrid neural network training. It allows us to assess all kinds of territories for tourist infrastructure development capabilities with relation to attractiveness and provide results visualization on the geographical information system (GIS) maps. The developed algorithm of picking and conversion of geospatial data from GIS for knowledge base generation uses attractors coordinates (vectors of roads, a city center, a railway station) and random points of the explored area, makes possible distance calculation between them (on the road to the attractor and Manhattan distance) and following conversion to the ASCII file, that allows unifying input parameters of the set of models for forecasting development of tourist infrastructure objects. The paper studied typical tourist towns of the Ukrainian Carpathians.</p> Bogdan Gats Yaroslav Vyklyuk Artur Horbovyy Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 70 2 115–128 115–128 10.2298/IJGI2002115G HOW DO JOB-RELATED CONSTRUCTS DETERMINE EMPLOYEE TURNOVER? SERBIAN HOTELS EXAMPLE <p class="04AbstractJGIJC">In the hospitality industry, employee turnover is extremely high. It is often caused by minimal growth opportunities, intensive work, lack of flexibility, limited opportunities for promotion, lack of recognition, etc. Investment in human resources, strategies that maintain an adequate workforce and improve employee engagement is quite justified cost with multiple returns. The specific issue is that hospitality leaders often do not know the relationships between employee satisfaction, employee motivation and employee engagement, which may be the basis for understanding their intention to leave the job. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the three job-related constructs: motivation, job satisfaction, and work engagement, as well as to examine their impact on employee turnover. The results confirmed a positive relationship between job satisfaction and motivation, satisfaction and work engagement, as well as the relationship between motivation and engagement. On the other side, the results showed that job satisfaction, dedication, and vigor negatively predict employee turnover. The findings may provide hotel managers with a foundation to understand this issue and assume where to direct their research and how to improve job conditions.</p> Marija Cimbaljević Milena Nedeljković Knežević Dunja Demirović Bajrami Milosav Dunjić Hamid El Bilali Milica Rančić Demir Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 70 2 129–143 129–143 10.2298/IJGI2002129C