Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA <p align="justify">Established in 1951, the <strong>Journal of the Geographical Institute "Jovan Cvijić" SASA</strong> plays a major role in incubating, influencing, and inspiring geographical research with an interdisciplinary approach. The journal is published by the <a href="">Geographical Institute "Jovan Cvijić" of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts (SASA)</a>, three times per year. All articles are published under Open Access, which means that all content is available and can be downloaded free of charge from the website of the Journal and used for educational and non-commercial purposes. Submission of the articles doesn't involve article processing charges (APCs), submission charges, or any other charges. Journal's alternative titles and abbreviations are:<em> Зборник радова Географског института "Јован Цвијић" САНУ / Zbornik radova: Geografski institut "Jovan Cvijić" SANU / J. Geogr. Inst. Jovan Cvijić SASA.</em></p> <h4><img src="" alt="" /></h4> <p align="justify">The Journal is subsequently published in <strong>print and online in the English language </strong>(however, articles in Serbian and French have also been published in the past decades). Manuscripts in English should be delivered through the Journal's system or email in electronic form (MS Word in docx. format). Authors should use a Form for writing articles (template file), which can be found in <a href="">Authors Guidelines</a>, to prepare their manuscripts.</p> <p align="justify">Papers will be considered only <strong>if have not been published elsewhere before</strong>, are not under consideration for publication elsewhere, and their publication has been tacitly or explicitly approved by all co-authors (if any) and by the responsible authorities at the institution where the work was carried out. After publication in the Journal, the authors also warrant that the manuscript will not be published elsewhere in any language without the consent of the copyright holder.</p> <p align="justify">The Journal welcomes <strong>scientific articles</strong> (original scientific articles, reviews, communications, letters, research notes, and book reviews) <strong>related to physical geography or human geography</strong> (see <a href="">Focus and Scope</a>). After initial editorial checking, the submitted manuscripts are forwarded to two or three referees for a double-blind review. The usual period of reviewing the papers takes three to four months, depending on the number of submitted materials. All of the reviewers of a paper act independently and they are not aware of each other’s identities. If the decisions of the two reviewers are not the same (accept/reject), the Editors-in-<span class="VIiyi" lang="en"><span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="sr" data-phrase-index="0">Chief</span></span> may assign additional reviewers.</p> <p align="justify">The Journal welcomes <strong>manuscripts from authors whose articles can enrich the overall view of geography and related scientific disciplines</strong>. It is understood that all the authors, having submitted their papers to the Journal, agree to the publishing politics and ethics. The <span class="VIiyi" lang="en"><span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="sr" data-phrase-index="0">Editors-in-Chief</span></span> are responsible for deciding which articles will be published, and t<span class="VIiyi" lang="en"><span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="sr" data-phrase-index="0">hey are required to notify members of the Editorial Board (selected Associate Editors) of their decision.</span></span> The <span class="VIiyi" lang="en"><span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="sr" data-phrase-index="0">Editors-in-Chief</span></span> are guided by the policy of the Journal and constrained by legal requirements in force regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. More information about the responsibilities of editors, authors, reviewers, and the publisher you may find in <a href="">Publishing ethics</a>.</p> Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA en-US Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA 0350-7599 SPATIAL PATTERNS OF ENTERTAINMENT MOBILITY IN CITIES <p>Cultural and entertainment activities have become an important part of the life of the city's population. Spaces of entertainment are being developed in almost all parts of the city—in the inner city, in larger neighborhoods both in the city center and on the outskirts, near the centers of labor, shopping areas (e.g., attractive streets or shopping malls), or recreation areas. Hence the need to research the spatial patterns of entertainment mobility in the city. Studies to date have found that people spatially adjust their consumer activities (including entertainment) to their primary functions (housing, going to work, school, and college). This paper examines mobility for the entertainment of various socio-economic groups (employees, students, unemployed, and pensioners). Attention is also focused on examining the neighborhood's entertainment mobility—near the place of residence. The paper uses data from the survey on daily population mobility in the territory covered by the General Plan of Belgrade (GPB), Serbia, conducted in 6,357 households. The main part of the research is the spatial analysis of the patterns of residents’ mobility for entertainment. Spatial analyses is based on mapping of entertainment movements, and then interpreting the obtained cartographic representations. Based on that, regularities are recognized, i.e., spatial patterns of entertainment in the city.</p> Jovana Todorić Anatoliy Yamashkin Zlata Vuksanović-Macura Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA 2022-08-20 2022-08-20 72 2 207–220 207–220 10.2298/IJGI2202207T FOREST FIRES IN SERBIA—INFLUENCE OF HUMIDITY CONDITIONS <p>This study focuses on the possible impact of forest fires on the destruction of forests in Serbia. The variability of forest fires in NUTS 3 regions in Serbia was investigated. By analyzing the data for the period from 2009 to 2018, it can be concluded that there were pronounced oscillations in the number of forest fires and the size of the burned forest areas. It was determined that during the observed period, the maximum number of fires was recorded in 2012, and the minimum in 2014. The largest burned forest areas were 7,460 ha in 2012 and 2,036 ha in 2011, which is correlated with high air temperatures and lack of precipitation. The damage caused in the forest fire, expressed in m<sup>3 </sup>for the felled wood mass is the highest in 2012 and the lowest in 2010. The greatest threat to forest fires were in Raška oblast (Užice) and Zlatiborska oblast (Kraljevo), and the lowest were in Severnobanatska oblast (Kikinda), Zapadnobačka oblast (Sombor), and Srednjobanatska oblast (Zrenjanin). The correlations of forest fire occurrence dynamics and humidity conditions were observed on the basis of statistical indicators of the number of forest fires and the values of Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI). The number of forest fires, depending on the influence of humidity conditions is the highest in the dry season.</p> Stanimir Živanović Milena Gocić Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA 2022-08-20 2022-08-20 72 2 221–228 221–228 10.2298/IJGI2202221Z THUFUR MORPHOLOGY WITHIN THE PONOR DEPRESSION (STARA PLANINA, SERBIA) <p>Thufur (earth hummocks) are small periglacial landforms typical for subpolar latitudes, as well as for the high alpine areas at lower latitudes. Their presence in the mountains of the Balkan Peninsula was spotted during the mid-20th century. In this paper we analyze morphometry and morphology of thufur in the context of physio-geographical conditions for their formation. The main aims are to inventorize the thufur in the study area and to determine the physio-geographical factors which enabled their formation at non-zonal elevations. Statistical analysis was performed on the sample of 305 thufur mapped in the field, measuring their circumference, height, and delineating their areas. Classification of the results revealed morphological varieties in terms of horizontal and vertical development. The elevation of the sampling location Ponor is 1,410 m a.s.l., which is considerably lower than the zonal periglaciation in Serbia, at approx. 1,900 m. Therefore, the role of relief as a climate modifier is analyzed in the context of conditions for the azonal development of periglaciation process. Topographical conditions for thufur formation were analyzed through slope inclinations and vertical dissection, determined using the Digital Elevation Model over Europe with 25 m resolution.</p> Marko Milošević Jelena Ćalić Jelena Kovačević-Majkić Milovan Milivojević Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA 2022-08-20 2022-08-20 72 2 117–132 117–132 10.2298/IJGI2202117M GEOINFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE EVALUATION OF SHORT-TERM GEOMORPHIC CHANGE: AN EXAMPLE OF DAMDERE DEBRIS FLOOD AREA (BULGARIA) <div><a name="_Hlk108211584"></a>A debris flood is a hazardous hydrogeomorphic process that can change the topographic surface in a short time due to a high streamflow and a large volume of sediment transport. Large areas of the Eastern Rhodopes Mountains (Bulgaria) are susceptible to erosion, debris flows, and debris floods due to loose earth masses, rare vegetation, and alternating dry and wet periods with extreme rainfall. The study area is located in the lower part of the river Damdere catchment and covers the area around the check dam. Studying the geomorphic changes of the debris flood areas can provide information about the behavior of the event, and contribute to the development of mitigation measures. In the current research, the data are obtained using terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) during two campaigns (in October 2019 and August 2021). After processing the raw TLS data, two pairs of ground point clouds have been obtained—for the area immediately before the check dam and for the one after the dam. To evaluate the changes in the topographic surface, two approaches are applied: (1) measuring the distance between the successive point clouds (M3C2 algorithm) and (2) measuring the differences between the digital terrain models in geographic information system environment (DoD method). Both approaches have shown similar results and indicated active hydrogeomorphic processes. The relatively large volume of deposition after the check dam is an indicator for the decrease in the retaining capacity of the check dam, which is a prerequisite for the increase of a flood risk.</div> Valentina Nikolova Asparuh Kamburov Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA 2022-08-20 2022-08-20 72 2 133–145 133–145 10.2298/IJGI2202133N PUBLIC PERCEPTION OF THE URBAN PLUVIAL FLOODS RISK—CASE STUDY OF POREČ (CROATIA) <div> <p class="04AbstractJGIJC">Pluvial floods are rain-related floods that occur when water drainage is not fast enough due to heavy rainfall. One of the key components in the management of the urban pluvial flood risk (UPFR) is risk perception (RP). The objective of this paper was to define factors of RP based on the selected variables and to examine their reliability. Emphasis is placed on the contextualization of five factors related to cognition: awareness of the risk of pluvial floods (F<sub>1</sub>) and situation: anthropogenic causes of pluvial floods (F<sub>2</sub>), natural causes of pluvial floods (F<sub>3</sub>), consequences of pluvial floods in the future (F<sub>4</sub>), and preparedness for pluvial floods (F<sub>5</sub>). Furthermore, historical pluvial floods data were acquired from multiple sources and used to determine the distance of respondents' homes from frequently flooded places. The results showed that the questionnaire was consistent, i.e., factors are highly reliable. Significant differences were observed in the F<sub>2</sub> regarding the gender of the respondents, and in the F<sub>4</sub> regarding their age. Preparedness for the danger (F<sub>5</sub>) is the lowest perceived factor. Results from this study can facilitate communication between experts, decision-makers, and citizens.</p> </div> Silvija Šiljeg Rina Milošević Lovre Panđa Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA 2022-08-20 2022-08-20 72 2 147–158 147–158 10.2298/IJGI2202147S HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION AND LOSS OF GRASSLAND IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA <div><span class="04AbstractJGIJCChar">Two databases related to grassland in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&amp;H) have been used in this research—the Copernicus Grassland (GRA) and CORINE Land Cover (CLC). The data have been processed by using GIS tools, and the spatial distribution of grass vegetation in relation to three biogeographical and four elevation zones has been determined. By using the Copernicus Water and Wetness (WaW) database, an insight into the coverage of grass vegetation in wetlands has been obtained. In addition, the analysis of changes in databases determined the total amount and location of the largest grassland losses. Based on GRA database, B&amp;H is one of the richest countries, with 22.4% of its territory covered by grassland. According to the CLC database, pastures occupy 6.3% and natural grasslands 5.6% of the territory of B&amp;H. However, grassland is exposed to various anthropogenic and natural processes that affect its distribution, quality, functions, etc. The CLC database has been processed by extracting the grasslands (pastures and natural grasslands) and calculating their spatial coverage and changes which happened during the three six-year periods from 2000 to 2018. The trend of decreasing pasture areas and increasing natural grasslands has been noticed. The pastures are most endangered by the processes of conversion to other types of agricultural land, while natural grassland increased spatial coverage during the period 2012–2018 mostly due to the revitalization and grazing of burned areas in the region of Herzegovina. Grasslands have been particularly targeted for afforestation and cropland conversion at present.</span></div> Branislav Drašković Slađana Petronić Marko Gutalj Nataša Marić Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA 2022-08-20 2022-08-20 72 2 159–173 159–173 10.2298/IJGI2202159D COVID-19: DETERMINING THE CHANGING MOTIVATIONS OF INTERNATIONAL SECOND HOME TOURISTS IN COASTAL TURKEY <p>The COVID-19 pandemic has brought dramatic changes in all the areas of life, and has inflicted many societal costs. The negativities in the field of health and economy are the prominent ones. The whole process significantly affected human behavior, preferences, and priorities. The aim of this study is to determine the impact of COVID-19 on the motivations of international second home tourists (ISHOT). In addition, motivations for buying or renting a second home in the pre-pandemic period, the push and pull factors affecting their decision to stay in a destination, and the emotional experience they had during the pandemic were also interpreted in the study. Qualitative data research method was used with semi-structured interview forms. In-depth interviews were conducted with 26 ISHOTs living in Alanya, coastal Turkey. The results proved that there were significant differences between pre-pandemic and post-pandemic motivations of ISHOTs for second homes. In the pre-pandemic period, increasing the quality of life, being happy, providing mental health and well-being, emotional relaxation, and getting away from stress were in the frame among the reasons that pushed ISHOTs to acquire second homes. During the pandemic, it was determined that these motivations were replaced by feelings such as anxiety, complaint, protection instinct, uncertainty, and a trust pledge. Low risk, information provision, hygiene, and health system were important reasons that pulled ISHOTs to their second homes during the pandemic process. Insecurity, late intervention, the health system, the risk of being infected, and inadequate precautions were the reasons pushing them away from their home countries.</p> Furkan Baltaci Ihsan Kurar Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA 2022-08-20 2022-08-20 72 2 175–189 175–189 10.2298/IJGI2202175B COVID-19 AND INTERNAL MIGRATION IN SERBIA—GEOGRAPHICAL PERSPECTIVE <p>Internal migration is an essential part of regional population change. Driven by various determinants, internal migration has been unequal across time and space. Migration responses to the changes in societal circumstances make it relevant to investigate the spatial and temporal dimension of internal migration in Serbia before and in the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak. The research aims to identify to what extent and in what way the pandemic has changed the magnitude and geographical patterns of internal migration in Serbia. The study is based on additionally processed official statistics on internal migration for the period 2018–2020, from March to December for each year, at the municipal, district (oblast, plural—oblasti), and regional levels. These are aggregate administrative data on usual residence registration by month. The derived data on the net migration rate is cartographically presented using the classification method natural Breaks (Jenks). Spatial dependence was assessed applying the spatial autocorrelation method, based on the Local Moran statistic. The results revealed that the pandemic affected not only the volume of internal migration but also its spatial patterns. The findings present new insights on the role of internal migration in reallocation of population across Serbia before and during the COVID-19 pandemic while underlying the importance of further research to deepen the understanding of internal migration trends upon the COVID-19 outbreak.</p> Vesna Lukić Suzana Lović Obradović Radoslav Ćorović Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA 2022-08-20 2022-08-20 72 2 191–205 191–205 10.2298/IJGI2202191L