Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA <p align="justify"><strong>Journal of the Geographical Institute "Jovan Cvijić" SASA </strong>is an interdisciplinary scientific journal devoted to the publication of scientific manuscripts related to physical geography and human geography. The Journal was founded in 1951 by the <a href="">Geographical Institute of the Serbian Academy of Sciences</a> in Belgrade. All articles are published under Open Access, which means that all content is available and can be downloaded free of charge from the website of the Journal and used for educational and non-commercial purposes. More information you may find at the <a href="">DoiSerbia Repository.</a> Submission of the articles doesn't involve article processing charges (APCs) neither submission charges. Journal's alternative titles and abbreviations are:<em> Зборник радова Географског института "Јован Цвијић" САНУ / Zbornik radova: Geografski institut "Jovan Cvijić" SANU / J. Geogr. Inst. Jovan Cvijić SASA.</em> </p> <p align="justify"> <img src="" alt="" width="377" height="511" /></p> <p align="justify">The Journal is subsequently published in <strong>print and online in the English language</strong>. Manuscripts in English should be delivered to the Editorial Board in electronic form (MS Word in doc. format). Authors should use a Form for writing articles (template file), which can be found on <a href="">Authors Guidelines</a>, to prepare their manuscripts.</p> <p align="justify">Papers will be considered only <strong>if have not been published elsewhere before</strong>, not under consideration for publication elsewhere, and that its publication has been tacitly or explicitly approved by all co-authors (if any) and by the responsible authorities at the institution where the work was carried out. After publication in the Journal, the authors also warrant that the manuscript will not be published elsewhere in any language without the consent of the copyright holder.</p> <p align="justify">The Journal welcomes <strong>scientific articles</strong> (original scientific articles, reviews, communications, letters, research notes and book reviews) <strong>related to physical geography or human geography</strong> (see <a href="">Focus and Scope</a>). After editors’ acceptance, the submitted manuscripts are forwarded to two or three referees for a blind review. The usual period of reviewing the papers takes three to four months, depending on the number of submitted materials. All of the reviewers of a paper act independently and they are not aware of each other’s identities. If the decisions of the two reviewers are not the same (accept/reject), the Editor may assign additional reviewers.</p> <p align="justify">The Journal welcomes the <strong>manuscripts from authors whose articles can enrich the overall view of the geography and related scientific disciplines</strong>. It is understood that all the authors, having submitted their papers to the Editorial Board, agree to the publishing politics and ethics. The editors are responsible for deciding which articles will be published. The editors are guided by the policies of the Journal's Editorial Board and constrained by legal requirements in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. More information about the responsibilities of editors, authors, reviewers and publisher you may find in <a href="">Publishing ethics</a>.</p> Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA en-US Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA 0350-7599 RECENT AND FUTURE AIR TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION CHANGES IN THE MOUNTAINOUS NORTH OF MONTENEGRO <p class="04AbstractJGIJC">The aim of the research of this paper is changes in air temperature and precipitation in the north of Montenegro in the instrumental period (1951–2018) and projections up to 2100. Kolašin was chosen because the altitude of the place is the average height of the northern region of Montenegro (about 1000 m), the meteorological station has not changed its location since the beginning of instrumental measurements, and homogeneity was tested (for the instrumental period). In general, the climate of Kolašin (1951–2018) has become warmer and with more frequent extreme daily temperatures and precipitations in an upward trend. When it comes to the projections for the north of this Mediterranean country, according to the A1B scenario of the Regional Climate Model EBU-POM, the results indicate warmer conditions and very warm ones at the end of the 21st century. The projected reduction of the annual number of almost all the considered rainfall days also implies that a slightly more arid future is expected. The climate of the mountainous north of Montenegro is changing, and the results presented in this paper may serve decision makers to take some measures of adaptation (in tourism, agriculture, architecture, water management, etc.) and climate change mitigation.</p> Miroslav Doderović Dragan Burić Vladan Ducić Ivan Mijanović Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA 2020-12-19 2020-12-19 70 3 189–201 189–201 10.2298/IJGI2003189D SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF SPECIFIC RUNOFF IN SERBIA BASED ON RAINFALL-RUNOFF RELATIONSHIP <p>One of the indicators of water potential and water resources is specific runoff. Specific runoff for the whole territory of Serbia was obtained using the exponential relation between depth of runoff <em>Y</em> (mm) and precipitation <em>P</em> (mm). This relation is obtained on the basis of the mean annual amount of precipitation and annual water discharge, namely the depth of the runoff for 69 basins for the period 1961–2010. Coefficient of determination (<em>R</em>²) of relation between the depth of runoff and precipitation is 0.72. The differences between measured and modeled values of specific runoff vary from basin to basin, but at the level of the whole Serbia it is 3.5%. More precisely, the measured specific runoff amounts 5.6 l/s/km<sup>2</sup>, and the modeled specific runoff is 5.7 l/s/km<sup>2</sup>. The verification was done by applying the model to 11 large river basins in Serbia. Spatial distribution of the modeled specific runoff is presented by a digital map of specific runoff with pixel resolution 100 × 100 m which enables the estimation of mean annual water discharge in any ungauged basin in Serbia.</p> Marko Urošev Dragoljub Štrbac Jelena Kovačević-Majkić Jasna Plavšić Stanislav A. Yamashkin Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA 2020-12-19 2020-12-19 70 3 203–214 203–214 10.2298/IJGI2003203U ASSESSMENT OF WATER QUALITY DURING THE FLOODS IN MAY 2014, SERBIA <p>Floods are considered to be the most common natural disaster which causes more destructive effects than other natural disasters including loss of human life, property and infrastructure damage, as well as a negative impact on social and economic development. Besides these consequences, floods also affect water quality. The aim of this paper is to present water quality impairment caused by the floods in Serbia in May 2014. The parameters of water quality were measured 13 times in 2014 (12 ordinary monthly measurements and one extraordinary measurement during the flood) in hydrological stations Ostružnica and Šabac (on the river Sava) and Badovinci (on the river Drina). The Canadian Water Quality Index (CWQI) was used for water quality assessment. This method calculates the overall water quality and the water quality for specific conditions and purposes including: drinking, aquatic habitats, recreation, irrigation, and livestock. Water quality decline was recorded in all the stations in overall water quality as well as for specific uses. Turbidity and heavy metals values were tens of times higher than normal ranges. The most drastic example was Al with the values which were thousand(s) of times higher than the objective.</p> Dejana Jakovljević Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA 2020-12-19 2020-12-19 70 3 215–226 215–226 10.2298/IJGI2003215J CHANGES IN THE HIERARCHY OF SETTLEMENTS AND ATTITUDE OF THE LOCAL POPULATION: EVIDENCE FROM A DEVELOPING REGION <p>In post-socialist European countries, smaller cities were most vulnerable to economic restructuring during the transition years, as a result of which they suffered political and economic changes. These changes significantly influenced the hierarchy of these settlements in the settlement system. The phenomenon of urban hierarchy and changes in the hierarchy of settlements are rare research topics in Serbia. In this research, Kolubara District (in Western Serbia) is used as a case study because it has a good traffic position, as well as good potential for industrial development, but despite this, its inhabitants migrate to larger cities. This paper tests Schmook’s method for the centrality of settlements. A survey was used to examine the attitude of the local population in regard to the centrality and hierarchy of settlements. A closed type questionnaire was used. The results show that the local population has a positive attitude toward the functional development of the cities in the Kolubara District.</p> Smiljana Đukičin Vučković Jelena Milanković Jovanov Ljubica Ivanović Bibić Jasmina Đorđević Tijana Đorđević Igor Stamenković Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA 2020-12-19 2020-12-19 70 3 227–240 227–240 10.2298/IJGI2003227D THE IMPACT OF TOURISM DEMAND ON REGIONAL INFLATION IN TURKEY <p class="04AbstractJGIJC">The main purpose of this study is to examine the effects of total tourism demand as well as the effects of both foreign and domestic tourism demand (measured by overnight stays) on regional inflation in Turkey based on the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics regions classified by Turkish Statistical Institute. To obtain the region-specific effects of tourism demand on inflation, we used the Random Coefficient Regression developed by Swamy by using the annual panel data over the period between 2004 and 2013. Before estimating Swamy Random Coefficients Regressions, we first tested the existence of cross-sectional dependence among the regions of Turkey. And then, based on the results of these tests, we examined the stationarity properties of variables by using second-generation panel unit root tests. The results of the study indicate that there are significant differences in regional effects of different forms of overnight stays on regional inflation. Also, the results show that the contribution of domestic overnight stays to overall and regional inflation is greater than that of foreign overnight stays. Thus, the findings of the study have significant importance in Turkey for designing tourism, industrialization, and monetary policies, particularly aiming to reduce the inflation by adopting inflation targeting regime.</p> Mustafa Özer Mustafa Kırca Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA 2020-12-19 2020-12-19 70 3 241–254 241–254 10.2298/IJGI2003241K ECOTOURISM CONSTRAINTS: WHAT PREVENTS DOMESTIC TOURISTS IN SERBIA FROM VISITING ECO-DESTINATIONS? <p>Within the concept of sustainable development, ecotourism has emerged as a special form of tourism aimed at preserving and protecting natural and cultural resources, but also at contributing to the well-being of the local community. Although today the importance of ecotourism is recognized worldwide, there are countries that, despite their natural wealth and potential, have failed to popularize ecotourism. Considering that Serbia is one of them, the main goal of this research was to reveal ecotourism constraints and reasons which prevent domestic tourists from visiting eco-destination. In addition, the study aimed to determine how well the respondents are informed and familiar with the concept of ecotourism. To achieve that, the survey was conducted among 379 participants, residents of Serbia in September 2019. The constraining scale has been created, and by applying exploratory factor analysis, four factors have been singled out (Fears, Lack of resources, Lack of information, and Disadvantages of the tourism product). The findings showed that the biggest constraint preventing domestic tourists from visiting eco-destinations is inadequate waste disposal at such sites. It has also been found that the respondents are highly constrained by the lack of information, time, and money. The results also reveal the degree to which other factors contribute to non-visits to eco destinations, but also which of them do not have a key impact on tourists' decision to avoid such locations. The paper additionally discusses the potential impact of a lack of ecotourism knowledge on the respondents' answers regarding ecotourism constraints in Serbia.</p> Aleksandra Tešin Sanja Kovačić Tamara Jovanović Miroslav D. Vujičić Sanja Obradović Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA 2020-12-19 2020-12-19 70 3 255–271 255–271 10.2298/IJGI2003255T THE IMPACTS OF SECOND HOME TOURISM ON SOCIO-CULTURAL AND ECONOMIC LIFE: THE RESIDENTS’ PERSPECTIVES <p>The aim of the study is to determine the perceptions of permanent residents on the impact of foreign second home owners on the socio-cultural and economic life of the city, and the residents’ level of satisfaction in terms of living with them. As part of the research, a questionnaire study was carried out with 453 residents who reside in areas where there is a predominance of second home owners. The Second Home Tourism Impact Scale (SHTIS) was developed to measure the impacts of second home owners. In the results of the exploratory factor analysis (EFA), four main factors were identified to be associated with residents’ perceptions of the socio-cultural and economic impacts of second home owners. These factors included socio-cultural benefit, socio-cultural cost, economic benefit, and economic cost. These factors were then affirmed by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). According to the main findings of the study, the residents believe that while foreign owners increase the economic costs, they also generate major economic benefits to their lives. In terms of socio-cultural aspects, they stated that second homes owners caused more positive effects compared to the negative ones. Moreover, it was identified that although the residents are not dissatisfied with the foreign owners, they do not support the foreign owners to have more estates and be entitled to easier conditions to buy them.</p> Furkan Baltaci Aydın Cevirgen Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA 2020-12-19 2020-12-19 70 3 273–288 273–288 10.2298/IJGI2003273B UTILIZATION OF HOT SPOT ANALYSIS IN THE DETECTION OF SPATIAL DETERMINANTS AND CLUSTERS OF THE SPANISH FLU MORTALITY <p>The Spanish flu appeared at the end of the First World War and spread around the world in three waves: spring-summer in 1918, which was mild; autumn fatal wave, in the same year; and winter wave in 1919, which also had great consequences. From the United States of America, as the cradle of its origin, the Spanish flu spread to all the inhabited continents, and it did not bypass Serbia either. Research on the Spanish flu, as the deadliest and most widespread pandemic in the human history, was mostly based on statistical researches. The development of the geographic information systems and spatial analyses has enabled the implementation of the information of location in existing researches, allowing the identification of the spatial patterns of infectious diseases. The subject of this paper is the spatial patterns of the share of deaths from the Spanish flu in the total population in Valjevo Srez (in Western Serbia), at the settlement level, and their determination by the geographical characteristics of the studied area—the average altitude and the distance of the settlement from the center of the Srez. This paper adopted hot spot analysis, based on G<em>i*</em> statistic, and the results indicated pronounced spatial disparities (spatial grouping of values), for all the studied parameters. The conclusions derived from the studying of historical spatial patterns of infectious diseases and mortality can be applied as a platform for defining measures in the case of an epidemic outbreak with similar characteristics.</p> Suzana Lović Obradović Vladimir Krivošejev Anatoliy A. Yamashkin Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA 2020-12-19 2020-12-19 70 3 289–297 289–297 10.2298/IJGI2003289L THE ATTITUDES OF THE LOCAL POPULATION TOWARD THE IMPORTANCE OF CULTURAL AND HISTORICAL HERITAGE <p class="04AbstractJGIJC">The cultural and historical heritage of an area represents a significant part of the lives and work of the population living in that area. In addition to being an integral part of the local identity, it also has tourist significance. The Municipality of Pale (Bosnia and Herzegovina) has significant cultural resources and as such has higher prerequisites for developing various types of tourist activities. The aim of the research presented in this paper is to determine the attitudes of the residents of Pale toward cultural and historical heritage. The authors examined the attitudes of the people of Pale toward the importance of cultural and historical heritage at the local and national level, its importance for the development of tourism and economic prosperity as well as the improvement of the life quality. The attitude of the population of Pale toward the importance of cultural and historical heritage protection is examined, as well. The paper also analyzes whether there is a difference in the attitudes of the people with regard to gender, age, education, and employment. For this research, we used a quantitative methodology to analyze respondents’ attitudes based on descriptive statistical techniques and non-parametric tests. The main results of our survey revealed that positive residents’ attitudes toward cultural heritage prevail. Also, the study revealed that there is no statistically significant difference in the residents’ attitudes in relation to gender, but that there is a significant difference in attitudes in relation to age, education, and employment.</p> Milka Grmuša Sanda Šušnjar Mariana Lukić Tanović Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA 2020-12-19 2020-12-19 70 3 299–307 299–307 10.2298/IJGI2003299G