DOES SMALL TOWN WITH TOURISTIC FUNCTION HAVE DEMOGRAPHIC POTENTIAL?
Keywords:small towns, tourism, demographic potential, Republic of Serbia
This research is conducted to determine impacts of tourism development on the demographic image of selected small towns in Serbia. Analyzing the following indicators – tourism potential, the share of inhabitants employed in the tourism industry, tourist turnover, and tradition in tourism, the group of 23 small towns is singled out. Further, the selected small towns with dominant tourism function are observed within four tourism clusters. Demographic characteristics of these urban settlements are analyzed through population indicators: total population increase/decrease, age and sex structure, economic activity, education structure, etc., according to the latest available data. The level of local population involvement in tourism is examined, as well as the influence of these small towns on the immediate rural surroundings. The results of conducted analysis show that tourism has an important impact on demographic development in several observed small towns. In the case of other selected small towns, the tourism influence on population increase or migration is stagnating. Despite that, increasing number of employed in the tourism industry is recorded, which implies that tourism is recognized within local community as an activity that could contribute to the development of small towns in Serbia.
Courtney, P. & Errington, A. (2000). The Role of Small Towns in the Local Economy and Some Implications for Development Policy. Local Economy, 15(2), 280–301. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/026909400750068013
Davis, J. S. & Morais, D. B. (2004). Factions and Enclaves: Small Towns and Socially Unsustainable Tourism Development. Journal of Travel Research, 43(1), 3–10. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0047287504265501
ESPON 1.4.1 (2006). The Role of Small and Medium-Sized Towns (SMESTO). Wien: Austrian Institute for Regional Studies and Spatial Planning. Retrieved from https://www.espon.eu/sites/default/files/attachments/fr-1.4.1_revised-full.pdf
Fertner, C., Groth, N. B., Herslund, L. & Carstensen, T. A. (2015). Small towns resisting urban decay through residential attractiveness. Findings from Denmark. Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography, 115(2), 119–132. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00167223.2015.1060863
Halseth, G. & Meiklejohn, C. (2009). Indicators of Small Town Tourism Development Potential: The Case of Fouriesburg, South Africa. Urban Forum, 20, 293–317. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12132-009-9064-y
Kojić, B. (1973). The systematization of the settlements in Serbia (Sistematizacija naselja u Srbiji). Belgrade: Institute of architecture and urbanism in Serbia.
Kokotović Kanazir, V. (2016). Small cities — Demographic potential of Serbia (Mali gradovi – demografski potencijal Srbije). Belgrade: Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić”, SASA. Retrieved from http://www.gi.sanu.ac.rs/site/media/com_form2content/documents/c23/a423/f466/Mali%20gradovi%20demokgrafski%20potencijal%20Srbije_online.pdf
Kokotović, V. & Filipović, M. (2013). Refugees in Serbia — twenty years later. Journal of the Geographical institute “Jovan Cvijic” 63(1), 21–33. doi: https://doi.org/10.2298/IJGI1301021K
Marinović-Uzelac, A. (1999). Middle Towns — Myth or Reality? (Srednji gradovi — Mit ili Stvarnost?) Društvena istraživanja, 8(1), 3–20. Retrieved from http://hrcak.srce.hr/index.php?show=clanak&id_clanak_jezik=49917
Ministry of Economy, Republic of Serbia. (2017). Retrieved from: www.priv.rs
Muzzini, E. & Lindeboom, W. (2008). The Urban Transition in Tanzania: Building the Empirical Base for Policy Dialogue. Washington, D.C: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development /The World Bank. Retrieved from http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/439611468312034461/pdf/449720WP0Box327426B0TZ0Urban0transition.pdf
Nieman, G., Visser, T. & Van Wyk, R. (2008). Constraints facing tourism entrepreneurs in South Africa: a study in the Gauteng and Mpumalanga provinces, South Africa. Development Southern Africa, 25(3), 283–296. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03768350802212063
Qian, J., Feng, D. & Zhu, H. (2012). Tourism-driven urbanization in China’s small town development: A case study of Zhapo Town, 1986–2003. Habitat International, 36(1), 152–160. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2011.06.012
Serbian Government General Secretariat (2006). Tourism Development Strategy of the Republic of Serbia. Belgrade: RS Official Gazette, No 91/2006. Retrieved from http://www.gs.gov.rs/english/strategije-vs.html
Spasić, N., Petrić, J. & Filipović, M. (2007) Small and Medium Towns of Central Serbia - Standpoints and Assumptions on Development Perspectives. Belgrade: Institute of Architecture and Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia.
Spasić, N. (1984). Small Towns in Serbia (Mali gradovi Srbije). Belgrade: Institute of Architecture and Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia.
Stojkov, B. & Šećerov, V. (2012). The Settlement Network of Serbia: From the Past to the Prospective. In T. Csapó & A. Balogh, (Eds.), Development of the Settlement Network in the Central European Countries (pp. 41–61). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-20314-5_4
Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. (2014a). Municipality and Regions of the Republic of Serbia. Belgrade: Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved from http://pod2.stat.gov.rs/ObjavljenePublikacije/G2014/pdfE/G20142014.pdf
Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. (2014b). 2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia. Population. Economically Active Population That Perform Occupation. vol. 19. (Popis stanovništva, domaćinstava i stanova, 2011 u Republici Srbiji, Stanovništvo, Ekonomski aktivno stanovništvo koje obavlja zanimanje, knjiga 19) Belgrade: Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved from http://pod2.stat.gov.rs/ObjavljenePublikacije/G2014/pdf/G20144007.pdf
Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia (2014c). 2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia, Population, Industry, vol. 15 (Popis stanovništva, domaćinstava i stanova, 2011 u Republici Srbiji, Delatnost, knjiga 15). Belgrade: Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved from http://pod2.stat.gov.rs/ObjavljenePublikacije/G2014/pdf/G20144002.pdf
Stevanović, R. & Stojanović, B. (1998). The Level of Urbanization of Demographic Regions in Serbia (Nivo urbanizovanosti demografskih reona Srbije) Stanovništvo, 3-4, 89–114.
Tacoli, C. (1998). Rural-urban interactions: a guide to the literature. Environment and Urbanization, 10(1), 147–166. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/095624789801000105
Todorović, M. & Bjeljac, Ž. (2007). Basic elements of rural tourism in Serbia. Bulletin of the Serbian Geographical Society, 87I(1), 135–148. doi: https://doi.org/10.2298/GSGD0701135T
Vaishar, A., Šťastná, M. & Stonawská, K. (2015). Small Towns — Engines of Rural Development in the South-Moravian Region (Czechia): An Analysis of the Demographic Development. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 63(4), 1395–1405. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.11118/actaun201563041395
Veljković, A., Jovanović, B. R. & Tošić, B. (1995). Cities of Serbia — development centers in the network of settlements (Gradovi Srbije — centri razvoja u mreži naselja). Belgrade: Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić”, SASA. Retrieved from http://www.gi.sanu.ac.rs/site/index.php/sr-rs/izdavastvo/posebna-izdanja/774-gradovi-srbije-centri-razvoja-u-mrezi-naselja-44
Vojković, G. (2007). Population as an element of regionalization of Serbia (Stanovništvo kao element regionalizacije Srbije). Belgrade: Serbian Geographical Society.
Vojković, G. & Kokotović, V. (2009). The Roll of Small and Medium Size Towns in Polycentric Development of Serbia — Demographic Aspects, In Stamenković, S. (ed) Territorial Aspects of Development of Serbia and Neighboring Countries. Belgrade: University of Belgrade, Faculty of Geography.
Webb, J. (1963). The Natural and Migrational Components of Population Changes in England and Wales, 1921–1931. Economic Geography, 39(2), 130–148. Retrieved from http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.2307/142506?journalCode=recg20
World Travel & Tourism Council (2017). Travel & Tourism Economic Impact 2017 Serbia. Retrieved from: https://www.wttc.org/-/media/files/reports/economic-impact-research/countries-2017/serbia2017.ashx
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2017 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.