Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA <p align="justify"><strong>Journal of the Geographical Institute "Jovan Cvijić" SASA </strong>is an interdisciplinary scientific journal devoted to the publication of scientific manuscripts related to physical geography and human geography. The Journal was founded in 1951 by the <a href="">Geographical Institute of the Serbian Academy of Sciences</a> in Belgrade. All articles are published under Open Access, which means that all content is available and can be downloaded free of charge from the website of the Journal and used for educational and non-commercial purposes. More information you may find at the <a href="">DoiSerbia Repository.</a> Submission of the articles doesn't involve article processing charges (APCs) neither submission charges. Journal's alternative titles and abbreviations are:<em> Зборник радова Географског института "Јован Цвијић" САНУ / Zbornik radova: Geografski institut "Jovan Cvijić" SANU / J. Geogr. Inst. Jovan Cvijić SASA.</em> </p> <h4> <img src="" alt="" width="258" height="364" /></h4> <p align="justify">The Journal is subsequently published in <strong>print and online in the English language</strong>. Manuscripts in English should be delivered through the Journal's system or email in electronic form (MS Word in doc. format). Authors should use a Form for writing articles (template file), which can be found on <a href="">Authors Guidelines</a>, to prepare their manuscripts.</p> <p align="justify">Papers will be considered only <strong>if have not been published elsewhere before</strong>, are not under consideration for publication elsewhere, and that their publication has been tacitly or explicitly approved by all co-authors (if any) and by the responsible authorities at the institution where the work was carried out. After publication in the Journal, the authors also warrant that the manuscript will not be published elsewhere in any language without the consent of the copyright holder.</p> <p align="justify">The Journal welcomes <strong>scientific articles</strong> (original scientific articles, reviews, communications, letters, research notes, and book reviews) <strong>related to physical geography or human geography</strong> (see <a href="">Focus and Scope</a>). After initial editorial checking, the submitted manuscripts are forwarded to two or three referees for a double-blind review. The usual period of reviewing the papers takes three to four months, depending on the number of submitted materials. All of the reviewers of a paper act independently and they are not aware of each other’s identities. If the decisions of the two reviewers are not the same (accept/reject), the Editors-in-<span class="VIiyi" lang="en"><span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="sr" data-phrase-index="0">Chief</span></span> may assign additional reviewers.</p> <p align="justify">The Journal welcomes the <strong>manuscripts from authors whose articles can enrich the overall view of the geography and related scientific disciplines</strong>. It is understood that all the authors, having submitted their papers to the Journal, agree to the publishing politics and ethics. The <span class="VIiyi" lang="en"><span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="sr" data-phrase-index="0">Editors-in-Chief</span></span> are responsible for deciding which articles will be published, and t<span class="VIiyi" lang="en"><span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="sr" data-phrase-index="0">hey are required to notify members of the Editorial Board (selected Associate Editors) of their decision.</span></span> The <span class="VIiyi" lang="en"><span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="sr" data-phrase-index="0">Editors-in-Chief</span></span> are guided by the policy of the Journal and constrained by legal requirements in force regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. More information about the responsibilities of editors, authors, reviewers, and the publisher you may find in <a href="">Publishing ethics</a>.</p> en-US (Marko D. Petrović) (Dejan Doljak) Fri, 20 Aug 2021 09:23:43 +0200 OJS 60 THE IMPACT OF COVID-19 PANDEMIC ON THE VOLUME OF LABOR MIGRATION, EMPLOYMENT, AND REMITTANCES <p>Flows of external labor migration in most cases occur under the influence of the internal economic and political situation in the country; however, in 2020 these trends changed significantly for reasons which did not depend on the socio-economic situation. In order to determine the volume of labor migration in 2020, an analysis was conducted. According to the results, it has been concluded that, despite the restrictive quarantine measures implemented in the European Union (EU) that caused the partial return of migrants to their countries, the rise in unemployment and slow economic growth, labor migrants are highly employed in key occupations of EU that are vital in the fight against coronavirus disease (COVID-19). It has been noticed that EU countries increase the number of officially issued residence permits to citizens of non-member countries every year, and Ukraine has become the absolute leader in the number of received residence permits, as well as the leader among European countries by the volume of the received remittances. An abstract-logical and systematic approach, analytical, comparative, graphical, and critical methods were used in the study. Prospects for external labor migration of Ukrainians to European countries have been identified.</p> Olha Podra, Nataliia Petryshyn, Oksana Bayik, Ulyana Bobko, Halyna Levkiv Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA Fri, 20 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0200 THE IMPORTANCE OF NATURE-BASED TOURISM FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT—A REPORT FROM THE SELECTED BIOSPHERE RESERVE <p>Special Nature Reserve (SNR) Gornje Podunavlje is located in the northwestern part of Serbia, on the left bank of the Danube, along the border of Croatia and Serbia. This area is a significant spatial unit for the development of nature-based tourism and ecotourism. It is part of Bačko Podunavlje Biosphere Reserve, protected by UNESCO, and a wider area of Transboundary Biosphere Reserve Mura–Drava–Danube, which includes 10 protected natural areas in five countries. The research aims to examine the attitudes of the local population about the state of sustainable tourism development in the SNR Gornje Podunavlje using a questionnaire. A total of 205 respondents expressed their satisfaction with the environmental, economic, and socio-cultural aspects of sustainability. After quantitative analysis, the results of the research can provide nature conservation guidelines and specify the role of protected natural areas in sustainable tourism development. As the most important dimensions of sustainability, the residents highlighted the Socio-cultural and Institutional dimensions of sustainable tourism development. Slightly lower values, according to the attitudes of residents, were given to Environmental and Economic sustainability. The results of the research indicate that this destination can be important for the development of sustainable tourism. By adopting the planned management measures, this protected natural area can be a significant destination for ecotourism and other forms of nature-based tourism.</p> Igor Trišić, Snežana Štetić, Donatella Privitera Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA Fri, 20 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0200 CORRIGENDUM ON THE EDITORIAL ON JUBILEE: THE FIRST 70 YEARS OF THE JOURNAL OF THE GEOGRAPHICAL INSTITUTE “JOVAN CVIJIĆ” SASA <p class="08OpeningparagraphJGIJC">CORRIGENDUM ON THE EDITORIAL ON JUBILEE: THE FIRST 70 YEARS OF THE JOURNAL OF THE GEOGRAPHICAL INSTITUTE “JOVAN CVIJIĆ” SASA. Published in Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA, 71(1), 107–114.</p> Editorial board Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA Fri, 20 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0200 CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION: THE CASE OF COASTAL COMMUNITIES IN THE PHILIPPINES <p class="04AbstractJGIJC"><span style="letter-spacing: -.1pt;">Climate change poses challenges and risks to coastal communities, and the adaptation of local residents is a critically relevant issue that needs to be addressed in the policymaking process. The main purpose of this paper is to determine the perceptions and experiences of climate change among coastal community residents in the Philippines. This study used a combination of methods, such as participatory mapping exercises, focus group discussions, key informant interviews, and document analyses. The data, which were primarily collected from three coastal villages in the province of Bulacan, were subjected to a thematic network analysis. The findings revealed four dominant themes pertaining to climate change adaptation in a coastal community setting: vulnerability conditions, risk awareness, risk perceptions, and climate change awareness and perceptions. In particular, it was found out that the communities were exposed to the threats of natural hazards like flood and storm surge. Such exposure highlighted the residents' concerns over the risks of hazards on their livelihoods and properties. The residents also observed the unpredictability and the worsening effects of climate change. With their direct experiences of the natural hazards' impacts and awareness of the presence of risks, residents had undertaken actions to build their adaptive capacity. This study then highlights the value of integrating local knowledge into the mapping exercises, revealing crucial information regarding vulnerabilities, risks, and adaptation practices.</span></p> Ericson H. Peñalba, Albert Patrick J. David, Michael John D. Mabanta, Chaddlyn Rose C. Samaniego, Sheryl D. S. Ellamil Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA Fri, 20 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0200 VEGETATION COVER EFFECTS ON SEDIMENT CONCENTRATION AND OVERLAND FLOW UNDER ARTIFICIAL RAINFALL INTENSITY <p>Soil erosion depends on a number of factors including rainfall intensity, density of plant cover, and area cover. The objective of this study is to investigate the impact of these factors on flow velocity, overland flow regimes, sediment concentration, and absolute soil detachment. The soil used in this study was sandy remolded agricultural soil. The soil is packed in a tray of 1 m<sup>2</sup> fixed on a slope of 3%; five different intensities were simulated under different vegetation cover (density and area). The results indicated that the overland flow velocity with vegetation cover was best described by polynomial function. The mean flow velocity varied from 0.021 to 1.244 m/s. Overland flow regime is subcritical and laminar. However, there are significant relationships between the vegetation cover density and sediment concentration and absolute soil detachment. The sediment concentration ranged from 1.38 to 5.65 kg/m<sup>3 </sup>whereas the absolute soil detachment ranged from 0.021×10<sup>–3</sup> to 1.244×10<sup>–3 </sup>kg/m<sup>2</sup>/s. Finally, the vegetation cover presented a good protector to soil sediment from erosion.</p> Mounia Boussaadi, Liatim Mouzai Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA Fri, 20 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0200 THE IMPACT OF INTEREST GROUPS ON GOVERNMENT SIZE—REGIONAL EVIDENCE FROM TURKEY <p class="04AbstractJGIJC">This study is aimed to investigate the regional pressure groups' effect on the government size in Turkey. According to the public choice theory, elections, political parties, interest and pressure groups, and bureaucracy significantly affect the public production process. Among these actors, pressure and interest groups directly affect variables such as economic growth and public expenditures. In this study, panel data analysis was used to observe the regional effect. The research data set covered 81 provinces of Turkey and the period between 2006 and 2018. According to the results, it was found that <a name="_Hlk70196755"></a>interest and pressure groups increase the public expenditures in the less developed regions in Turkey. Th<a name="_Hlk70196864"></a>ese results are consistent with the empirical and theoretical studies. For this reason, the study has an important contribution to the literature. This study offers significant conclusions that public economic policies might be under the influence of interest and pressure groups. Even if stated that the results of this study might have many economic, demographic, social, and political reasons regarding Turkey, in the context of public choice theory, it could be seen as a significant indicator of not using public expenditure policies as efficient instruments. This situation shows that public resources are not used efficiently in Turkey and the government has a negative effect on the economy. To eradicate this negative effect, governments coming to power in the future ought to produce economic, political, and social policies in order to decrease the regional differences dramatically in Turkey.</p> Ersin Nail Sağdıç, Öner Gümüş, Güner Tuncer Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA Fri, 20 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0200 SOCIO-ЕCONOMIC TRANSFORMATION OF ŠUMADIJA DISTRICT (SERBIA) <p>The paper starts from the hypothesis that the examined area is characterized by a process of intensive functional transformation accompanied by certain population changes. The transformation of the settlement structure is shown in the area of Šumadija district. The trend of demographic and economic development was observed with a historical overview. It was upgraded with quantitative analyzes (chain index, population change index, functional classification, index of specialization and localization) for the period 1971–2011. The aim was to determine the degree of socio-economic transformation of Šumadija district and the regularities according to which these changes took place. Industrialization generally brings changes in the functional orientation and redistribution of the population. The deagrarianization was one of the main features, with parallel emigration of the rural population. These changes were intensive in 1961–1981, when the peak of employment in secondary activities was registered. Since then, significant spatial transformation in Šumadija district was visible. Special analyzes were used to confirm the assumption that Kragujevac is a dominant labor center, an administrative and service nucleus, which has a propulsive influence on the development of its immediate surroundings (suburban belt) and the wider area (Šumadija district). The contribution of this paper is in the understanding of the scope, spatial distribution, and intensity of changes that have occurred in Šumadija district. It introduces the historical circumstances and quantitative research into a broader concept as a basis for understanding the trajectories of spatial and socio-economic development, and responds to many social challenges specific for this territory.</p> Marija Drobnjaković, Gordana Petrović, Darjan Karabašević, Svetlana Vukotić, Vuk Mirčetić, Vladimir Popović Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA Fri, 20 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0200 RESILIENCE OF TOURISM EMPLOYEES TO CHANGES CAUSED BY COVID-19 PANDEMIC <p class="04AbstractJGIJC">Although tourism is an industry that has become resistant to various problems over time, the consequences left by COVID-19 pandemic have taken on global proportions. Serbia, like many other countries, has suffered a great damage in tourism industry since the beginning of the pandemic. However, research on the connection between COVID-19 and tourism in Serbia is in its infancy. As no research has been conducted in Serbia on the resilience of employees in different sectors of tourism, the main goal of this study is to determine the extent to which employees in tourism sectors in Serbia are resilient to changes caused by COVID-19 pandemic. Also, the study aimed to determine the intentions in the behavior of employees after the pandemic. Respondents who participated in the research are employed in various sectors of tourism (travel agencies, travel organizations, tourist guides, employees in the hospitality industry, and academic sector). To achieve goals, the survey was conducted among 264 participants in November and December 2020. A scale of 50 statements was applied, and by applying the Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA), three resilience factors (competence, communication, and self-efficiency) were singled out. The results of the research show that employees in tourism are largely resilient to the changes, and the strongest factor that stands out among the respondents is competence. In addition, study proved that all the factors of the resilience are expected to have a positive effect on the behavior of employees in the post-crisis period.</p> Tamara Božović, Ivana Blešić, Milena Nedeljković Knežević , Lukrecija Đeri, Tatjana Pivac Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA Fri, 20 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0200