LOCAL POPULATION ANALYSIS IN THE FUNCTION OF THE PROTECTED AREA SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Authors

  • Tamara Jojić Glavonjić Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA, Belgrade
  • Vlasta Kokotović Kanazir Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA, Belgrade
  • Marija Ljakoska Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Institute of Geography, Skopje

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.2298/IJGI2103265J

Keywords:

local population, protected areas, sustainable development, Ramsar area, Special Nature Reserve “Carska Bara”

Abstract

Abstract: The paper analyzes the socio-economic potential of a protected area, as a key factor and a prerequisite for its potential development. The spatial framework of the research includes five settlements in the vicinity of the Special Nature Reserve "Carska bara", which for the purposes of this research are classified into two groups based on their distance from the fundamental phenomenon. The analysis of population sustainability included basic demographic indicators concerning the biological and socio-economic structure of the population, as well as its dynamics. Data considering the change in the number of inhabitants and types of general (total) movement of the population were collected and analyzed. A comparative analysis of the aging index was performed. To get a better picture of the economic structure, the economic activity (the share of the active and ″dependent″ population in the total) and the structure of the active population performing occupation by activity sections were analyzed. The current condition of social infrastructure facilities was also considered, as one of the indicators of the quality of life of the local population. The obtained results showed a rather pessimistic scenario. Taking into account the current demographic trends in Serbia, the census that will be taken in 2021 can only show an even more unfavorable picture.

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References

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Published

2021-12-20

How to Cite

Jojić Glavonjić, T. ., Kokotović Kanazir, V., & Ljakoska, M. (2021). LOCAL POPULATION ANALYSIS IN THE FUNCTION OF THE PROTECTED AREA SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT. Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA, 71(3), 265–281. https://doi.org/10.2298/IJGI2103265J