NIZHNY NOVGOROD BELYANA BARGE IN THE XIX CENTURY
Keywords:Belyana barge, timber floating, the Volga river vessels
The article discusses a unique Belyana barge, which was built in the Nizhny Novgorod region for several centuries. Belyana as a type of vessels was designed for transportation of logs, sleepers, beams, planks and other forest products from the Upper to the Lower Volga. Originally, the center of Belyana construction was the village of Baki, which was situated on the Vetluga River, a tributary of the Volga River. The Belyana construction technique spread from the Vetluga river banks further to Nizhny Novgorod, and then to Perm region. Almost all aspects of Belyana construction starting from the logging finishing with its floating to the lower Volga, and also cost of transported products in the prices of the XIX century are disclosed. Due to Belyana is truly a popular invention, it was built by traditional methods, relying solely on the centuries-old experience. Any drawings for the construction never existed, that’s why the author relied on preserved photographs and drawings in the historical reconstruction of this unique vessel. At the beginning of the article a brief overview of the geographical location of Nizhny Novgorod, as well as the names of wooden ships which were sailing on Volga and its tributaries in the same times with Belyana are given. At the end of the article practical recommendations on possible reconstruction of Belyana and using it as an interactive museum of ethnography are given.
Archive of the Krasnie Baki settlement local history museum. (2015). Nizhny Novgorod Region, Russian Federation.
Melnikov, P. I. (1976). In the Forests. Gorky: Publisher.
Philippov, Yu. V (2012). Formation and development of navigation in the upper XIX- early XX century. Clio – SPb., 2012 12 (72) p. 61.
Philippov, Yu. V (1996). Observations of the boat velikovrazhka-building in Bezvodnoe village, Kstovo district of the Nizhny Novgorod region.
The report of Nizhny Novgorod Governor 1900–1907 (1908). Nizhny Novgorod.
Tsvetkov, M. A. (1960). Geography of domestic timber markets in the European Russia in the second half of the XIX - early XX centuries. Questions of geography. The 50th collection of papers, p.100...
Tumakov, N. G. (1962). The Vetluzhsky region [Manuscript].From the funds of Krasnobakovsky District Historical Museum.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2015 Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA (Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.