• Garin Darpitamurti Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Graduate School, Department of Geography Education, Yogyakarta
  • Hastuti Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Graduate School, Department of Geography Education, Yogyakarta
  • Nurul Khotimah Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Graduate School, Department of Geography Education, Yogyakarta
  • Himawan Putranta Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta, Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training, Department of Physics Education, Yogyakarta




education, rainwater harvesting, sustainable water supply, women, Indonesia


This research aims to describe the role of women in education on and utilization of rainwater to increase awareness and insight into water conservation in both the family and community environment. Women are faced with gender differences in the inclusion into the society. Nine respondents participated in this research which consisted of three female community members, three women residents, and three men residents around the Banyu Bening community, Sleman Regency, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The triangulation of data sources included the community leader, community members, and one of the participating families. The data analysis model used was from Miles and Huberman. The results showed that women played a very important role in the utilization and teaching on rainwater utilization. Women are the main pillars in the success of education and environmental management, especially at the family level. They are the most capable of providing teaching and developing environmental attitudes in their children and the community, and they are also the agents of change and teaching on sustainable environment.

Article metrics


Abdulla, F. A., & Al-Shareef, A. W. (2006). Assessment of rainwater roof harvesting systems for household water supply in Jordan. In P. Hlavinek, T. Kukharchyk, J. Marsalek, & I. Mahrikova (Eds.), Integrated Urban Water Resources Management (pp. 291–300). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-4685-5_30

Antunes, L. N., Sydney, C., Ghisi, E., Phoenix, V. R., Thives, L. P., White, C., & Garcia, E. S. H. (2020). Reduction of Environmental Impacts Due to Using Permeable Pavements to Harvest Stormwater. Water, 12(10), Article 2840. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12102840

Budisatria, I. G. S. (2006). Dynamics of small ruminant development in Central Java-Indonesia [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. Wageningen University.

Buhl, S. (1999). Milk, Millett, and Mannerisms: Gendered Production Among Pastoral and Agropastoral Fulbe Households in Northern Burkina Faso [Doctoral dissertation, University of London, University College London]. ProQuest. https://www.proquest.com/openview/5dc57006786f6323bee3b86da1ceff64/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=2026366&diss=y

Cahyono, Y., & Anwar, N. (2013). Teknologi pemanenan air hujan untuk mengatasi kekeringan dan penyediaan air bersih di Desa Sawitan [Rainwater harvesting technology to overcome drought and provide clean water in Sawitan Village]. Journal of Omits Technical/Jurnal Teknik Pomits, 1(1), 1–6. http://digilib.its.ac.id/public/ITS-paper-27014-3110106007-Paper.pdf

Che-Ani, A. I., Shaari, N., Sairi, A., Zain, M. F. M., & Tahir, M. M. (2009). Rainwater harvesting as an alternative water supply in the future. European Journal of Scientific Research, 34(1), 132–140. https://www.slideshare.net/V9X/w3k372

Chung, E. L. T., Nayan, N., Kamalludin, M. H., Alghirani, M. M., Jesse, F. F. A., Kassim, N. A., Azizi, A., Reduan, M. F. H., & Loh, T. C. (2020). The effects of alkaline water and rainwater on the production and health performance of commercial broilers under tropical conditions. The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 50(1), 65–73. https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tjvm/article/view/243258

Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2017). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approach (5th ed.). Sage Publications.

Dankelman, I., & Davidson, J. (2013). Women and the Environment in the Third World: Alliance for the Future. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315066219

Department of Population of the Special Region of Yogyakarta. (2020). Statistics of the population of the Special Region of Yogyakarta by gender. https://kependudukan.jogjaprov.go.id/statistik/penduduk/jumlahpenduduk/17/0/12/04/34.clear

Department of Population of the Special Region of Yogyakarta. (2021). Geographic information system map of district population distribution of the Special Region of Yogyakarta. Retrieved from https://kependudukan.jogjaprov.go.id/petagiskelurahan.clear

Devkota, J., Schlachter, H., & Apul, D. (2015). Life cycle-based evaluation of harvested rainwater use in toilets and for irrigation. Journal of Cleaner Production, 95(1), 311–321. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.02.021

Dode, E. (2015). Shaping the Gender Socialization Through Different Models of Behavior. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 4(2), 27–34. https://doi.org/10.5901/ajis.2015.v4n2p27

Domènech, L., & Saurí, D. (2011). A comparative appraisal of the use of rainwater harvesting in single and multi-family buildings of the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona (Spain): social experience, drinking water savings, and economic costs. Journal of Cleaner Production, 19(6–7), 598–608. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2010.11.010

Ernaningtyas. (2019). Drink rainwater so you don't get stressed 2019. https://jayakartanews.com/ngombe-banyu-udan-ben-ra-edan/

Fitri, A., & Ulfa, A. (2015). The Implementation of Zero Run-off and Agroforestry Concept Based on River Discharge in Belik Sub Watershed, Yogyakarta. Journal of Regional and City Planning, 26(3), 192–207. https://doi.org/10.5614/jpwk.2015.26.3.4

Fryer-Edwards, K., Arnold, R. M., Baile, W., Tulsky, J. A., Petracca, F., & Back, A. (2006). Reflective teaching practices: an approach to teaching communication skills in a small group setting. Academic Medicine, 81(7), 638–644. https://europepmc.org/article/med/16799286

Gan, C. C. R., Oktari, R. S., Nguyen, H. X., Yuan, L., Yu, X., KC, A., Hanh, T. T. T., Phung, D. T., Dwirahmadi, F., Liu, T., Musumari, P. M., Kayano, R., & Chu, C. (2021). A scoping review of climate-related disasters in China, Indonesia, and Vietnam: Disasters, health impacts, vulnerable populations, and adaptation measures. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 66, Article 102608. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2021.102608

Ghisi, E. (2010). Parameters Influencing the Sizing of Rainwater Tanks for Use in Houses. Water Resources Management, 24(10), 2381–2403. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11269-009-9557-4

Gwenzi, W., Dunjana, N., Pisa, C., Tauro, T., & Nyamadzawo, G. (2015). Water quality and public health risks associated with roof rainwater harvesting systems for potable supply: Review and perspectives. Sustainability of Water Quality and Ecology, 6(1), 107–118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.swaqe.2015.01.006

Hafizi Md Lani, N., Yusop, Z., & Syafiuddin, A. (2018). A Review of Rainwater Harvesting in Malaysia: Prospects and Challenges. Water, 10(4), Article 506. https://doi.org/10.3390/w10040506

Hastuti, & Widyastuti, M. (2019). Women’s role in post-disaster recovery in South Merapi slopes. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 271(1), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/271/1/012001

Hosterman, H. R., McCornick, P. G., Kistin, E. J., Sharma, B., & Bharati, L. (2012). Freshwater, climate change and adaptation in the Ganges River Basin. Water Policy, 14(1), 67–79. https://doi.org/10.2166/wp.2011.065

Kopnina, H. (2011). Revisiting Education for Sustainable Development (ESD): Examining Anthropocentric Bias Through the Transition of Environmental Education to ESD. Sustainable Development, 22(2), 73–83. https://doi.org/10.1002/sd.529

Maftouni, N., & Askari, M. (2019). Building Energy Optimization: Implementing Green Roof and Rainwater Harvester System for a Residential Building. Journal of Renewable Energy and Environment, 6(2), 38–45. https://dx.doi.org/10.30501/jree.2019.96023

Manny, L., Atmaja, R. R. S., & Putra, D. P. E. (2016). Groundwater Level Changes in Shallow Aquifer of Yogyakarta City, Indonesia: Distribution and Causes. Journal of Applied Geology, 1(2), 89–99. https://doi.org/10.22146/jag.27584

Maryono, A., Nuranto, S., Sembada, P. T. S., & Petrus, H. T. B. M. (2022). GAMA-RainFilter: a modified rainwater harvesting technique to meet the demand for clean water in Indonesia. International Journal of Hydrology Science and Technology, 13(1), 1–22. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJHST.2022.119272

Maryono, A., & Santoso, E. N. (2006). Metode memanen dan memanfaatkan air hujan untuk penyediaan air bersih, mencegah banjir dan kekeringan. Petunjuk praktis pembangunan penampung air hujan, standar dinas pekerjaan umum [Methods of harvesting and utilizing rainwater for clean water supply, preventing floods and drought. Practical guidelines for the construction of rainwater storage, public works agency standards]. Kementerian Negera Lingkungan Hidup.

Meinzen-Dick, R., & Zwarteveen, M. (1998). Gendered participation in water management: Issues and illustrations from water users ‘associations in South Asia. Agriculture and Human Values, 15(4), 337–345. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1007533018254

Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook (2nd ed.). Sage Publications.

Ministry of the Environment. (2009). Peraturan menteri negara lingkungan hidup Republik Indonesia nomor 12 tahun 2009 tentang pemanfaatan air hujan (edisi 1) [Regulation of the state minister of the environment of the Republic of Indonesia number 12 of 2009 regarding the use of rainwater (1st ed.)]. https://luk.staff.ugm.ac.id/atur/sda/PermenLH12-2009PemanfaatanAirHujan.pdf

Mollaeva, E. A. (2018). Gender Stereotypes and the Role of Women in Higher Education (Azerbaijan Case Study). Education and Urban Society, 50(8), 747–763. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013124517713613

Moors, E. J., Groot, A., Biemans, H., van Scheltinga, C. T., Siderius, C., Stoffel, M., Huggel, C., Wiltshire, A., Mathison, C., Ridley, J., Jacob, D., Kumar, P., Bhadwal, S., Gosain, A., & Collins, D. N. (2011). Adaptation to changing water resources in the Ganges basin, northern India. Environmental Science & Policy, 14(7), 758–769. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2011.03.005

Mousa, H. A.-L. (2016). Health Effects of Alkaline Diet and Water, Reduction of Digestive-tract Bacterial Load, and Earthing. Alternative Therapies in Health & Medicine, 22(1), 24–33. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27089527/

Muhammad, J. (2021). Here are my 8 steps to create a healthier environment and life 2021. https://www.kompasiana.com/janu_muhammad/6157904206310e3e0d7e7513/inilah-8-stepku-unjukkan-lingungan-dan-dunia-yang-dalam-sehat

Mukaromah, H. (2020). Rainwater Harvesting as an Alternative Water Source in Semarang, Indonesia: The Problems and Benefits. Earth and Environmental Science, 447(1), Article 012059. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/447/1/012059

Mulyoutami, E., Rismawan, R., & Joshi, L. (2009). Local knowledge and management of Simpukang (forest gardens) among the Dayak people in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Forest Ecology and Management, 257(10), 2054–2061. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2009.01.042

Oleson, A., & Hora, M. T. (2014). Teaching the way, they were taught? Revisiting the sources of teaching knowledge and the role of prior experience in shaping faculty teaching practices. Higher Education, 68(1), 29–45. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10734-013-9678-9

Paleologos, E. K., O’Kelly, B. C., Tang, C.-S., Cornell, K., Rodríguez-Chueca, J., Abuel-Naga, H., Koda, E., Farid, A., Vaverková, M. D., Kostarelos, K., Goli, V. S. N. S., Guerra-Rodríguez, S., Leong, E.-C., Jayanthi, P., Shashank, B. S., Sharma, S., Shreedhar, S., Mohammad, A., Jha, B., … Singh, D. N. (2021). Post Covid-19 water and wastewater management to protect public health and geoenvironment. Environmental Geotechnics, 8(3), 193–207. https://doi.org/10.1680/jenge.20.00067

Patton, M. Q. (2014). Qualitative Research & Evaluation Methods: Integrating Theory and Practice (4th ed.). Sage Publications.

Purwantara, S. (2018). Konservasi Sumberdaya Air Tanah di Wilayah Ngaglik Sleman [Conservation of Groundwater Resources in the Ngaglik Sleman Region]. Geomedia: Majalah Ilmiah dan Informasi Kegeografian, 16(2), 59–70. https://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/geomedia/article/view/25202/12173

Sahlberg, P. (2016). The global educational reform movement and its impact on schooling. In K. Mundy, A. Green, B. Lingard, & A. Verger (Eds.), The Handbook of Global Education Policy (pp. 128–144). John Wiley & Sons. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118468005.ch7

Sciaraffa, M. A., Zeanah, P. D., & Zeanah, C. H. (2018). Understanding and Promoting Resilience in the Context of Adverse Childhood Experiences. Early Childhood Education Journal, 46(3), 343–353. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10643-017-0869-3

Shaikh, N. U., Siddiqui, M. A., & Allaudin, U. (2012). Integrated solar water-heater and solar water cooler performance during wintertime. NED University Journal of Research, 43(14), 61–72. https://inis.iaea.org/search/search.aspx?orig_q=RN:43028022

Song, J., Han, M., Kim, T.-I., & Song, J.-E. (2009). Rainwater harvesting as a sustainable water supply option in Banda Aceh. Desalination, 248(1–3), 233–240. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2008.05.060

Stec, A., & Słyś, D. (2017). Rainwater potential use in dormitory building: Drinking water savings and economic costs. Ecological Chemistry and Engineering A, 24(1), 43–64. https://doi.org/10.2428/ecea.2017.24(1)4

Steffen, J., Jensen, M., Pomeroy, C. A., & Burian, S. J. (2013). Water Supply and Stormwater Management Benefits of Residential Rainwater Harvesting in U.S. Cities. JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 49(4), 810–824. https://doi.org/10.1111/jawr.12038

Stiem, L., & Krause, T. (2016). Exploring the impact of social norms and perceptions on women's participation in the customary forest and land governance in the Democratic Republic of Congo—implications for REDD+. International Forestry Review, 18(1), 110–122. https://doi.org/10.1505/146554816818206113

Struwig, F. W., & Stead, G. B. (2001). Planning, designing, and reporting research. Pearson Education South Africa.

Suharko, S., & Hudayana, B. (2020). Rural Woman and Food Security: Diversification of Cassava-Based Foods in Gunungkidul District, Yogyakarta. Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan, 8(2), 123–135. https://doi.org/10.22500/8202029845

Susilo, G. E. (2018). Rainwater Harvesting as Alternative Source for Wudlu Water in Indonesia. Civil and Environmental Science Journal (CIVENSE), 1(2), 62–69. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.civense.2018.00102.3

Susilo, G. E., & Jafri, M. (2019). The analysis of rainwater harvesting carrying capacity on water domestic supply for dwelling areas in Indonesia. Civil and Environmental Science Journal (CIVENSE), 2(1), 67–75. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.civense.2019.00106

Tonang, M. (2019). Invite the Banyu Bening Community, Tegalrejo to come up with safe drinking water. https://tegalrejokec.jogjakota.go.id/detail/index/9299

Tresnadi, H. (2019). Pengelolaan DAS dengan pendekatan ekosistem: Studi kasus analisis debit Sungai Bone dan Bolango di Kabupaten Bone Bolange, Propinsi Gorontalo [Watershed management using an ecosystem approach: a case study on debit analysis of Bone and Bolango River in Bone Bolange District, Gorontalo Province]. Indonesian Journal of Hydrosphere/Jurnal Hidrosfir Indonesia, 3(3), 95–104.

Trienekens, S. C. M., Faust, C. L., Besigye, F., Pickering, L., Tukahebwa, E. M., Seeley, J., & Lamberton, P. H. L. (2022). Variation in water contact behaviour and risk of Schistosoma Mansoni (re)infection among Ugandan school-aged children in an area with persistent high endemicity. Parasites & Vectors, 15(1), Article 15. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13071-021-05121-6

Utama, T. B. (2019). Memanen dan mengolah air hujan menjadi air alkali siap minum [Harvesting and treating rainwater into alkali water ready to drink]. Annual Scientific Meeting/Pertemuan Ilmiah Tahunan, 36(1), 76–86. https://hathi-pusat.org/ejournalv2/index.php/pit-36/article/view/229

Wael, R. R. (2018). Identifikasi tingkat kebutuhan air bersih masyarakat pengguna PDAM di Kecamatan Ngaglik Kabupaten Sleman, Yogyakarta [Identification of clean water needs of the PDAM using community in Ngaglik District, Sleman Regency, Yogyakarta]. Universitas Islam Indonesia. https://dspace.uii.ac.id/handle/123456789/13087

Wang, B., Hong, G., Qin, T., Fan, W.-R., & Yuan, X.-C. (2019). Factors governing the willingness to pay for air pollution treatment: A case study in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region. Journal of Cleaner Production, 235(1), 1304–1314. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.07.046

Widiyantoro, P. (2020). Banyu Bening rainwater school 2020. Retrieved March 02, 2022. https://yayasanan-nuurcahayaumat.or.id/2021/01/02/school-air-hujan-banyu-bening/

Worm, J., & van Hattum, T. (2006). Rainwater harvesting for domestic use (Agrodok-series No. 43). Agromisa Foundation; CTA. https://www.pseau.org/outils/ouvrages/agromisa_rain_foundation_rainwater_harvesting_for_domestic_use_2006.pdf

Zhang, F., Wang, Y., Ma, X., Wang, Y., Yang, G., & Zhu, L. (2019). Evaluation of resources and environmental carrying capacity of 36 large cities in China based on a support-pressure coupling mechanism. Science of the Total Environment, 688(1), 838–854. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.06.247




How to Cite

Darpitamurti, G., Hastuti, Khotimah, N., & Putranta, H. (2022). WOMEN RAINWATER HARVESTERS IN EDUCATION FOR RAINWATER UTILIZATION. Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA, 72(1), 15–31. https://doi.org/10.2298/IJGI2201015D