STORM ON JUNE 22, 2013 IN INDJIJA (SERBIA) – A CONSEQUENCE OF HEAT WAVE
Keywords:heat wave, HP supercell, CAPE, hail, stormy wind
In the period between 16 and 22 June 2013, Europe was hit by a heat wave. At the end of the period characterized by extremely high temperatures, the development of storm along with supercell HP convection cell took place in Serbia, producing tennis ball-sized hailstones and wind with speed exceeding 35 m/s. This paper analyzes the underlying conditions that led to development of this storm using synoptic charts, vertical atmosphere characteristics as well satellite and radar images. The development of strong convective clouds was enabled by exceptional thermal instability of the atmosphere above the Pannonian Plain and the Balkans and warm subtropical air. The analysis of the vertical structure of atmosphere indicates that the separate convective cells could produce large amounts of precipitation and hailstones up to 8 cm in diameter. Cloudy zone, of the supercell type in development, of 12–16 km width, reached to 20 km height (cloud penetrated tropopause) and indicating extremely great energy instability. Furthermore, this analysis is supplemented with results of nonhydrostatic mesoscale NMM model. Big hailstones from this storm took life of 31 persons in addition to great material damage it caused.
Berdon, N. P. (2009). The analyses of thundrestorm on 04 August 2006. Atmosperic Research, 93, 111–117. doi: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2009.01.017.
Brooks, H. C. & Doswell III, C. A. (1993). Extreme winds in high precipitation supercells. Preprints, 17th Conference on Severe Local Storms (pp. 173–177). Saint Louis, Missouri: American Meteorological Society.
Davies-Jones, R., & Brooks, H. E. (1993). Mesocyclogenesis from a theoretical Perspective. In C. Church, D. Burgess, C Doswell, & R. Davies-Jones (Eds.), The Tornado: Its Structure, Dynamics, Hazards, and Prediction, Geophysical Monograpph. 79 (pp. 105–114). Florida, Washington DC: American Geophysical Union.
Doswell III, C. A. (2001). Severe Convective Storms - An overview. In C. A. Doswell (Ed.). Severe Convective Storms, Meteorological Monographs 28(50) (pp. 1–26). Boston, Massachussets: American Meteorological Society.
Doswell III, C. A., & Burgess, D. (1993). Tornadoes and Tornadic Storms: A Review of Conceptual Models. In C. Church, D. Burgess, C Doswell, & R. Davies-Jones (Eds.), The Tornado: Its Structure, Dynamics, Hazards, and Prediction, Geophysical Monograph 79 (pp. 161–172). Florida, Washington DC: American Geophysical Union.
Doswell III, C. A. (2011). On the Role of Deep Columnar Convective Vortices within the Atmosphere. Doswell Scientific Consulting, Norman, OK.. Retrieved from http://www.flame.org/~cdoswell/SuptorRoles/SuptorRoles.html
Doswell III, C. A., Ramis, C., Romero, R., & Alonso, S. (1998). A diagnostic Study of three heavy Precipitation Episodes in the western Mediterranean Region. Weather and Forecasting, 13(1), 102–104
EUMeTrain, Distance Learning Operation Course, IC 5.7: Convective Storm Structure and Evolution [PDF Document]. Retrieved from http://www.eumetrain.org/data/1/12/Content/images/ic57_Convective%20Storm%20Structure%20and%20Evolution_pschlatter-Version0308.2.pdf
Pavlović Berdon, N., Zarić, M., & Stanković, A. (2013). The occurrence of a Tornado in Serbia on 31 March 2013. International Conference “Natural Hazards-links between Science and Practice”, Journal of the .Geographical .Institute “Jovan Cvijic”, SASA, 63(3), 321–334
Patz, J., Campbell-Lendrum, D., Holloway, T., & Foley, J. A. (2005). Impact of regional climate Change on human Health. Nature, 438, 310–317
Rotunno, R., & Klemp, J. B. (1985). On the Rotation and Propagation of simulated Supercell Thunderstorms. Journal.of the Atmospheric. Scence, 42(3), 271–292
Schär, C., Vidale, P., Lüthi, D., Frei, C., Häberli, C., Liniger, M., & Appenzeller, C. (2004). The Role of increasing Temperature Variability in European Summer heat Waves, Nature, 427, 332–336
Wicker, L. J., & Wilhelmson, R. B. (1990). Numerical simulation of a Tornado-like Vortex in a high Resolution three dimensional Cloud Model. Preprints, 16th Conf. on Severe Local Storms (pp. 263–268). Kananaskis Park, Alberta: American Meteorological Society.
http://www.estofex.org – data
http://www.eumetrain.org/ - data
http://126.96.36.199 – data
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2015 Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA (Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.