• Slavica Malinović-Milićević University of Novi Sad, ACIMSI - University Center for Meteorology and Environmental Modelling, Novi Sad
  • Dragutin T. Mihailović University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Agriculture, Novi Sad
  • Milan M. Radovanović Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA, Belgrade; South Ural State University, Institute of Sports, Tourism and Service, Chelyabinsk
  • Nusret Drešković University of Sarajevo, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Geography, Sarajevo




climate extremes, precipitations, atmospheric teleconnection patterns, trends


The evolution of daily extreme precipitation from 1966 to 2013 in Vojvodina Region (Serbia) was investigated. We calculated trends of ten precipitation indices and tested their corresponding significances using the Student’s t-test for seven locations. The obtained results suggest that the climate of the northern and central parts of Vojvodina region becomes wetter in terms of precipitation magnitude and frequency, reflecting the characteristic of the central European regime, while the southernmost part of the region is drier, reflecting the characteristic of the Mediterranean regime. In addition, the results indicate an increase in the amount of precipitation in short time intervals. Positive annual trends are strongly influenced by the significant increase of autumn frequency and intensity of extreme precipitation. According to the correlation between extreme precipitation indices and atmospheric teleconnection patterns, it was found that the NAO has the strongest influence on precipitation intensity indices in spring and winter, while during winter it also affects the frequency of dry conditions. The EAWR pattern has a strong influence on the statistically significant positive autumn trends.

Article metrics


Alexander, L. V., Zhang, X., Peterson, T. C., Caesar, J., Gleason, B., Klein Tank, A. M. G., Haylock, M., Collins, D., Trewin, B., Rahimzadeh, F., Tagipour, A., Kumar Kolli, R., Revadekar, J. V., Griffiths, G., Vincent, L., Stephenson, D. B., Burn, J., Aguilar, E., Brunet, M., Taylor, M., New, M., Zhai, P., Rusticucci, M., & Vazquez Aguirre, J. L. (2006). Global observed changes in daily climate extremes of temperature and precipitation. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 111(D5), 109. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2005JD006290

Casanueva, A., Rodríguez-Puebla, C., Frías, M. D., & González-Reviriego, N. (2014). Variability of extreme precipitation over Europe and its relationships with teleconnection patterns. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 18(2), 709–725. doi: https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-18-709-2014

Croitoru, A. E., Piticar, A., & Burada, D. C. (2016). Changes in precipitation extremes in Romania. Quaternary International, 45, 325–335. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2015.07.028

Dai, A., Fing, I. Y., & del Genio, A. D. (1997). Surface Observed Global Land Precipitation Variations during 1900–88. Journal of Climate, 10, 2943–2962. doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1997)010<2943:SOGLPV>2.0.CO;2

Domonkos, P. (2015). Homogenization of precipitation time series with ACMANT. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 122(1–2), 303–314. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00704-014-1298-5

Frich, P., Alexander, L. V., Della-Marta, P., Gleason, B., Haylock, M., Klein Tank, A. M. G., & Peterson T. (2002). Observed coherent changes in climatic extremes during the second half of the twentieth century. Climate Research, 19, 193–212. doi: https://doi.org/10.3354/cr019193

Groisman, P. Y., Karl, T. R., Easterling, D. R., Knight, R. W., Jamason, P. F., Hennessy, K. J., Suppiah, R., Page, C. M., Wibg, J., Fortuniak, K., Razuvaev, V. N., Douglas, A., Forland, E., & Zhai, P. M. (1999). Changes in the Probability of Heavy Precipitation: Important Indicators of Climatic Change. Climatic Change, 42(1), 243–283. doi: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1005432803188

Hrnjak, I., Lukić, T., Gavrilov, M. B., Marković, S. B., Unkašević, M., & Tošić, I. (2014). Aridity in Vojvodina, Serbia. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 115(1–2), 323–332. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00704-013-0893-1

Hundecha, Y., & Bardossy, A. (2005). Trends in daily precipitation and temperature extremes across Western Germany in the second half of the 20th century. International Journal of Climatology, 25, 1189–1202. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.1182

Hurrell, J. W. (1995). Decadal Trends in the North Atlantic Oscillation: Regional Temperatures and Precipitation. Science, 269(5224), 676–679. doi: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.269.5224.676

Ionita, M. (2014). The Impact of the East Atlantic/Western Russia Pattern on the Hydroclimatology of Europe from Mid-Winter to Late Spring. Climate, 2, 296–309. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cli2040296

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [IPCC] (2014). Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Core Writing Team, R.K. Pachauri, & L.A. Meyer (Eds.), IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland, pp. 151. Retrieved from https://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar5/syr/AR5_SYR_FINAL_Front_matters.pdf

Klein Tank, A. M. G., & Können, G. P. (2003). Trends in indices of daily temperature and precipitation extremes in Europe, 1946–99. Journal of Climate, 16, 3665–3680. doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(2003)016<3665:TIIODT>2.0.CO;2

Lupikasza, E. B., Hansel, S., & Matschullat, J. (2011). Regional and seasonal variability of extreme precipitation trends in southern Poland and central-eastern Germany 1951–2006. International Journal of Climatology, 31(15), 2249–2271. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.2229

Malinovic-Milicevic, S., Radovanovic, M., Stanojevic, G., & Milovanovic, B. (2016). Recent changes in Serbian climate extreme indices from 1961 to 2010. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 124 (3–4), 1089–1098. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00704-015-1491-1

Malinović-Milićević, S. B., Mihailović, D. T., Drešković, N. M., Djurdjević, V. S., Mimić, G. I., & Arsenić, I. D. (2015). Climate Change Effects and UV-B Radiation in the Vojvodina Region, Serbia under the SRES-A2. Thermal Science, 19(2), S289–S298. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2298/TSCI141207031M

Mihailović, D. T., Malinović-Milićević, S., Arsenić, I., Drešković, N., & Bukosa, B. (2013). Kolmogorov complexity spectrum for use in analysis of UV-B radiation time series. Modern Physics Letters B, 27(27), 1350194. doi: https://doi.org/10.1142/S0217984913501947

Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning. (2010). Initial National Communication of the Republic of Serbia Under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Belgrade, Serbia: The Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning. Retrieved from http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/natc/srbnc1.pdf

Nicholls, N. (2001). The insignificance of significance testing. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 81(5), 981–986. doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477(2001)082<0981:CAATIO>2.3.CO;2

Ramos, M. C., & Martínez-Casasnovas, J. A. (2006). Trends in Precipitation Concentration and Extremes in the Mediterranean Penedes-Anoia Region, Ne Spain. Climatic Change, 74(4), 457–474. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-006-3458-9

Toros, H. (2012). Spatio-temporal precipitation change assessments over Turkey. International Journal of Climatology, 32(9), 1310–1325. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.2353

Tošić, I., Hrnjak, I., Gavrilov, M. B., Unkašević, M., Marković, S. B., & Lukić, T. (2014). Annual and seasonal variability of precipitation in Vojvodina, Serbia. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 117(1–2), 331–341. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00704-013-1007-9

Unkašević, M., & Tošić, I. (2011). A statistical analysis of the daily precipitation over Serbia: trends and indices. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 106(1–2), 69–78. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00704-011-0418-8

Wong, M. C., Mok, H. Y., & Lee, T. C. (2011). Observed changes in extreme weather indices in Hong Kong. International Journal of Climatology, 31(15), 2300–2311. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.2238






How to Cite

Malinović-Milićević, S., Mihailović, D. T., Radovanović, M. M., & Drešković, N. (2018). EXTREME PRECIPITATION INDICES IN VOJVODINA REGION (SERBIA). Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA, 68(1), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.2298/IJGI1801001M