PAST STUDIES AND POTENTIAL MEASURES FOR REHABILITATION OF THE SHALLOW LAKE (LAKE LUDAŠ)

Authors

  • Miloš Ćirić Institute of Chemistry, Technology and Metallurgy, University of Belgrade, Belgrade
  • Bojan Gavrilović Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA, Belgrade
  • Biljana Dojčinović Institute of Chemistry, Technology and Metallurgy, University of Belgrade, Belgrade
  • Sandra Čokić Reh Public Enterprise ''Ludaš-Palić'', Palić
  • Yiyong Zhou Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Hydrobiology, Key Laboratory of Algal Biology, State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Wuhan
  • Chunlei Song Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Hydrobiology, Key Laboratory of Algal Biology, State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Wuhan
  • Xiuyun Cao Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Hydrobiology, Key Laboratory of Algal Biology, State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Wuhan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.2298/IJGI2001071C

Keywords:

shallow lake, Serbia, ecosystem assessment, lake degradation, revitalization

Abstract

Lake Ludaš has been under a strong anthropogenic influence for a very long time, so the history of fruitful scientific investigation was very often connected with the evaluation of a human impact and potential rehabilitation measures. Unfortunately, attempts to improve the lake's natural status remain more in the field of theoretical models than concrete practical solutions. Aiming to better understand the potential of different rehabilitation measures for Lake Ludaš, we combined our ecological analyses (unpublished results) and the literature survey. The continuous massive cyanobacterial bloom and the formation of a thick sediment layer rich in different organic and inorganic pollutants represent two major challenges in the lake's rehabilitation. The unknown ecological role of invasive species that have already colonised Lake Ludaš will make the attempts to improve conditions in the lake even more challenging. The reduction of nutrient load, changes in the intensity and directions of water circulation, as well as top sediment layer removal in the lake, are measures under consideration for several decades. But their combination, order of implementation and possibilities of successful execution are still under debate. However, there is no doubt that the restoration of a natural hydrological regime should be a key step in the rehabilitation of Lake Ludaš.

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2020-04-20

How to Cite

Ćirić, M., Gavrilović, B., Dojčinović, B., Čokić Reh, S., Zhou, Y., Song, C., & Cao, X. (2020). PAST STUDIES AND POTENTIAL MEASURES FOR REHABILITATION OF THE SHALLOW LAKE (LAKE LUDAŠ). Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA, 70(1), 71–80. https://doi.org/10.2298/IJGI2001071C